January 8 , 2014
Efficiency, Scientific Management and Industry:
• Central issue in the chapter:
o Influence of industrialism, business, engineering, etc., on society and education.
• Industrialism shaped the structure of education.
• Central questions:
o Can efficiency models used in factories and industries be brought into education?
o What happens if they are? (To students, teachers and society).
o How and why did it happen in the 20 century?
• “Scientific management”.
• Frederick Taylor (1856-1915).
• Based on time and motion studies be engineers.
• The impact of the advent of mass production on education.
• Mechanization or automation.
• Break a process into distinct tasks.
• Contributed greatly to economic growth and greater factory output.
• Henry Ford: invented the assembly line.
• Based on Taylor-ism.
• One person does one task.
• The rise of industrialism:
o “The application of mechanical power to the production of goods”.
What’s ControversialAbout it?:
• Promoting efficiency seems to make sense, to be common sense.
• Who would promote efficiency?
• Not a form of empowerment, but of dehumanization.
o You could be easily replaced.
o You had no sense of the larger project.
o You were not a craftsman, you become a machine/tool.
• Because they were overspecialized, workers knew their specific function within the
system, but not the whole process.
• “Deprives workers of control over the workplace, over their tools, over their bodies”.
Mechanization of Human Beings:
• Human beings become lost in the gears.
• Human beings become extensions of machines. • We have to think like and act like machines in order to survive in modern society.
o The “mechanization of human beings”.
How to Engineer a School:
• In an engineer can make a factory more efficient, then we should hire engineers to make
schools more efficient.