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Lecture

EDUC Week 1 Lecture Notes.docx

3 Pages
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Department
Education
Course Code
EDUC 1F95
Professor
Trevor Norris

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EDUC 1F95 January 8 , 2014 Efficiency, Scientific Management and Industry: • Central issue in the chapter: o Influence of industrialism, business, engineering, etc., on society and education. • Industrialism shaped the structure of education. • Central questions: o Can efficiency models used in factories and industries be brought into education? o What happens if they are? (To students, teachers and society). th o How and why did it happen in the 20 century? Taylor-ism: • “Scientific management”. • Frederick Taylor (1856-1915). • Based on time and motion studies be engineers. • The impact of the advent of mass production on education. • Mechanization or automation. • Break a process into distinct tasks. • Contributed greatly to economic growth and greater factory output. Ford-ism: • Henry Ford: invented the assembly line. • Based on Taylor-ism. • One person does one task. • The rise of industrialism: o “The application of mechanical power to the production of goods”. What’s ControversialAbout it?: • Promoting efficiency seems to make sense, to be common sense. • Who would promote efficiency? Implications: • Not a form of empowerment, but of dehumanization. • “De-skilling”. o You could be easily replaced. o You had no sense of the larger project. o You were not a craftsman, you become a machine/tool. • Because they were overspecialized, workers knew their specific function within the system, but not the whole process. • “Deprives workers of control over the workplace, over their tools, over their bodies”. Mechanization of Human Beings: • Human beings become lost in the gears. • Human beings become extensions of machines. • We have to think like and act like machines in order to survive in modern society. o The “mechanization of human beings”. How to Engineer a School: • In an engineer can make a factory more efficient, then we should hire engineers to make schools more efficient. • “…
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