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Lecture

Wednesday October 24th.docx

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Department
Geography
Course Code
GEOG 1F90
Professor
Catherine Nash

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Wednesday October 24 , 2012th Geography Lecture 7: Migration Exam* split between seminar and lecture Bring id All lectures are on the exam Slide 1: What is migration? - human movement - is about where people are moving to - thinking about where people are and where they are going to - landscape, place, location, region - Globalization and increased integration and 
connectivity - challenges to state authority - Mobility andmovement across avariety of scales - People can move across borders more easily - Links to chapter 4,3,2 - Exam is on being able to like chapters in the book - people migrate on a daily basis - think about it in the context of globalization Slide 2: Forms of movement andmigration • Migration - apermanent relocation across asignificant distance. • international migrants as “persons born in acountry other than that in which they live”. - most populations have ahome base - generally long term relocation - households, individuals - scale rural-urban cities, neighborhood - international=countries that moveacross theborder - 214million migrants in the worldin 2012 Slide 3: Map - figure 5.3 - migrant stock - indicates per country the people that can be considered migrants - 1-4% migrants are in Africa - light green and dark green 10-20% migrants - could consider Canada to be 100% - in the 1800’s the industrialization helped migration Slide 4 Map - figure 5.4 - shows integration within Canada - can see migration from rural to urban areas - dark areas are the greatest migration - dark purple are the greatest loss of people - newfoundland ppl have left because of the fishing - people move to central Ontario because of jobs - a lot of farms are shutting down in southern alberta and Manitoba - white area is where no one is Slide 5: Who are migrants? • Guest workers 
 • seasonal agricultural worker program (CSAWP)
 - Canada has a guest worker program - Seen more in Niagara and Vancouver - Argued that when workers come here they have working conditions are substandard, poor working terms, work 60-70 percent - The program has the flaws • Remittances - send money home - important to the economy for that country - Mexican migrants sent 24 billion in 2007 - 414 billion dollars total from all the remittances • Refugees - fled their country due to economic - looking for a form of protection - increase in the past 20 years - Yugoslavia • “a person who has a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race religion nationality membership in a particular social group or political opinion” - well-founded leaves room for judgment call - feeling because of prosecution now about 12 billion - UN has high commission for refugees - UN doesn’t take into internally displaced peoples - Sudan population is being separated - International term - Lots of legal terms from official becoming a refugee - Can gain protection from the country they arrive - Try to repatriate those people in order to get them back to their country Slide 6: Why people migrate - Voluntary migration occurs where migrants make a series of choices that resulted movement. - Get a choice - Forced migration - occurs when individuals are forced to migrate rather than choosing to migrate. - No choice - In Europe many people fled to Canada “voluntarily” yet they were escaping things - Britain sent lots of people to Australia to be exiled, convict island, people are proud of their convict past Slide 7: Graph - figure 5.8 - forced migration for the slave trade in the 1600’s to the early 1800’s - shows a majority of the slaves that went from Africa to north and south America - Canada likes to say we didn’t have slavery but we did, underground railroad Slide 8: Diaspora - describes the forceful or voluntary dispersal of the people from their homeland. - Used to talk about populations that are dispersed around the world and the displacement of them - Used to refer to the Jews - Lots of people are desperate to try to make to other countries Slide 9: Reasons for migration Push-pull factors - Push factors - conditions and perceptions that arise in a place of or
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