Class Notes (839,315)
Canada (511,260)
Brock University (12,137)
HLSC 2P21 (48)
Lecture

CHSC 2P21 (1).docx

18 Pages
157 Views

Department
Health Sciences
Course Code
HLSC 2P21
Professor
Susan Boyko

This preview shows pages 1,2,3,4. Sign up to view the full 18 pages of the document.
Description
CHSC 2P21 Sept 5, 2013 Instructor: Jennifer Boyko ([email protected]) TA: Maral Zibamanzarmofrad ([email protected]) Group Diaries (30% of final grade):  200-250 words max  we have to figure out how to manage our own group and sort stuff out  end of term they get handed in  narrative style, hand in 1, group mark, chance to give feedback at the end of course  requires cover page + all entries (may as well throw in a table of contents?) Current Events Blog (5% of final grade)  1-2 paragraphs  must post during your assigned weeks  criteria for responding to a blog: meaningfulness Cumulative exams Lecture: Group selection (Group number 9)  Nikita Patel  Danielle Rae  Deanna Turner  Bobbie McGhee Health issues in Canada in Historical and Global Contexts Sept 12 Today  Housekeeping o Group Diary Assignment  Includes 4-5 people  Each journal entry must be 200-250 words  All group members get the same grade  Individual students get graded based on specific contributions to the group  The group evaluations will happen at the end of the term  Week one review o What the course is about o What the course is not about o Key concepts in the sociology of health, illness and medicine o 4 approaches that help explain the sociology of health, illness and medicine  conflict theory  structural functionalism  Symbolic interaction  Critical Race theory and Feminist  Lecture o Health issues in Canada in Historical and Global contexts o How do we know how healthy canadians are?  Indicators  Statistical summaries  Describe an aspect of health of a population or community  Three types  Determinants (pre-illness) o Physical environment  Air Quality  Recreational water Quality  Drinking Water quality o Psychosocial environment  Life expectancy  Mortality  Birth & Fertility  2004, average was 1.53 children per woman (2008 1.68)  2004- 132,551 in Ontario, 2008-140,791 o Social  Ethnicity  Family size  Language  Proportion of single parent families o Socioeconomic  Education  Literacy  Employment  Income distribution o Lifestyle, behaviors and risk factors  High risk drinkers  Smokers by age and sex  Sexually active individuals who regularly use condoms  Recreational and prescription drug use  Gambling  Diet  Family hereditary o Human Biology  Age  Genetic inheritance  gender  Health status (illness) o Objective  Crude death rate  Infant mortality  Neonatal mortality  Maternal mortality  Age/sex specific death rates o Subjective  Self reported  Indirect measures  Consequences (effects) o Economic burden of disease  Estimate of direct costs  Personal care  Publicly funded research o Quality of life o Focus is the assessment of a procedure or program in relation  Focusing events  Sad event, something catastrophic  ―Ashley Smith Death‖  ―Case of the nibbling mice‖  SARS  Medical discoveries  Feedback from the operation of existing programs or policies  E-Health Scandal  Vaccinations/immunizations  Wait times strategy  Community food banks What are the top health or healthcare issues affecting Canadians?  Group assignment o What do each of you think the top health/healthcare issue affecting Canadians? Why? o Take a few minutes to introduce yourselves to each other or get to know each other further o Discuss and agree on how to manage group/ work on discussions and diary. 9/5/2013 12:57:00 PM SICK 9/5/2013 12:57:00 PM Movie Social Determinants of Health (2) October 3 Week 4: Social Determinants of Health (1)  What determines health o Health promotion o Teaching o Environment o people in a group social interactions o individually oriented/socially oriented  social structure is important because it’s about how we interact with each other, political system that leads us to being healthier  What are the social determinants of health o Individual determinants- we have control over  Smoking  Nutrition  Physical activity o Social determinants of health- we don’t have control over them  Housing  Income  Education  Why is the biomedical lifestyle approach still prominent? o Morality of health behaviour  If you are healthy and you do healthy things you’re good  Policy and poliics  What are the consequences of emphasis on individual health?  How can a person improve or maintain good health?  How are inequalities linked to the distribution of death, illness, disease, and disabilities? o Inequities are closely linked to health status o More wealth= better health o Materialist model: access to material goods o Neo-materialist model: perceived of equality  How do inequalities in society impact individual and population health? o Individual health status: clear link of where their link is in the social structure o Population status: clusters  How does the social determinants of health perspective explain health inequality? o Explains why individuals are healthy/not  How do illness and death rates vary according to various social determinants of health? o Age-based health inequality  Youth and children are more likely to be poor and therefore sickly  The elderly are also more likely to be poor and therefore sickly  They’ve also lived through different historical periods who have different ways of doing things which also would affect their health o Gender-based inequality  Biological factors  Men are more likely to have serious illnesses  Mild illnesses in women accumulate and would suffer more chronic types/more bed days  Women listen to their bodies o Race/ethnicity & minority based inequality  Differences between different races reflect racial and ethnic groups  Racism impacts the health of visible minorities  May limit jobs, educational choices, which in turn influences their health Mental Health and Psychological Well-Being October 10 Review:  How are inequalities linked to the distribution of morbidity and mortality? o You can see patterns in morbidity and mortality rates o Linked to individual/population health status which in turn affect morbidity and mortality  How to inequalities in society impact individual and population health? o Individual level  Person’s location in the social-structural hierarchy related to their health o Population level  The degree of inequality in a country is related to the overall health in the country  How to inequalities impact individual and population health o Theoretical explanations:  Materialist  Neo-materialist  Social-psychological  Political-economy  Helps understand why inequalities happen  How do illness and death rates vary according to SDOH? o Income inequality o Food security o Poverty o Employment/job security o Housing and neighborhood o Gender o Age o Race/ethnicity/minority status Lecture: Mental Health and psychological Well-being Socio-psychological Factors and health  Our minds and bodies are affected   Stress o Key aspect of mental health and well-being o Occurs when we must deal with demands much greater than usual o Can be beneficial/detrimental o Evidence for a relationship between stress and CVD, pregnancy complications  Weakens resistance to disease o 3 types:  Short term  Arises from small stressors; may lead to temporary sense of anxiety  Medium-Term  Develops from more constant stressors; may lead to anxiety  Long-Term  Develops from major life situations; accumulates through the process of stress proliferation; affects morbidity or mortality o Social Support  Believing that you are:  Being cared for and loved  Esteemed and valued  Involved in a network of communicaton and mutual obligation  The ways neighborhoods are organized to offer support is called social support/capital/cohesion but have very disti
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1,2,3,4 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit