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Lecture 6

LING 2P50 Lecture 6: 6


Department
Linguistics
Course Code
LING 2P50
Professor
Ron Thomson
Lecture
6

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Double articulation: operate as a single sound; always co-occur in certain
languages?
-labial-velars
Ex. in Sherbro (West Africa, Sierra Leone) [kp]; Bura (Nigeria)
Secondary articulation: Labialisation [w] –vowel quality: [u],
Palatalisation [j] – vowel quality: [i],
Velarisation [~], Pharyngealisation [~]
Manner of articulation
-lateral and nasal consonants
-taps, /aps, and trills
Obstruents - stops, fricatives, a0ricates
Stops
-Oral voiceless: no noise during stop closure
voiced: low amplitude noise heard (how?-hearing lower pitched
resonance because
there is closure and noise is passing through /esh which only lets
through low pitched
sounds)
-Nasal (not really classi4ed as an obstruent)
usually voiced but can be voiceless
Fricatives (spirants)
-characterized by turbulence
-can occur at all places of articulation
-the fricatives [s, z, ʒ, ʃ] have special name: sibilants
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