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Tuesday November 12th Poli 2f20.docx

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Political Science
Blayne Haggart

Tuesday November 12 , 2013 Poli 2F20: Transnational actors; the United Nations Globalization: An historical process involving a fundamental shift or transformation in the spatial scale of human social organization that links distant communities and expands the reach of power relations across regions and continents Sovereignty: State government that is the supreme authority within its territorial boarders. No other state/entity can legitimately interfere in its internal affairs. Also points for mentioning its historical and/or European roots (Peace of Westphalia, 1648) Hegemony either of: “ a situation in which one state is powerful enough to maintain the essential rules governing interstate relations and willing to do so” “a structure of values and understanding about the nature of order that permeates a whole system of states and non-state entities. [These values] appear to most actors as the natural order” A “state’s dominance” is not sufficient to create hegemony” Critical theory (Cox) Discourse: “a linguistic system that orders statements and concepts” also points for: mentioning how language involves power relations, links to post structuralism/poststructural analysis. Neoconservatives: Us ideology or quasi-theory, involving a manicheistic view of the world (black and white), emphasis on morality in foreign policy, primacy of military power, goal: global unilateralism/military supremacy, focus on state actors, Middle East/Islam as a main threat, Not pragmatic. Against int’l cooperation International Society: “the overall structure constituted by the underlying norms Exam: will have the Krasner question from midterm and will be the exact same format and out of the same marks… the exact same question Anarchy will be on the exam – not about chaos Slide 1: International organizations - Focus for global politics o Enable specific forms of political communication o Can constrain members’ behaviour - Can be formed by governments or by gov’ts and NGOs - International organizations are more than the collective will of their members. o They have a distinct impact upon other global actors Slide 2: History of the United Nations - Established to preserve the peace after World War II - Reflected lessons learned from League of Nations o Especially regarding limits to collective security - Reflects demands of great power politics (i.e., Security Council Veto) and universalism - Tension: Needs and interests of people and those of states Slide 3: Composition of the United Nations - Security Council - General Assembly - Secretary General (Secretariat) - Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) o Specialized agencies o Programs and funds Slide 4: The UN and international peace and security - Cold War and decolonization discouraged active UN involvement - BUT: Beginning of peacekeeping (1956 Suez Canal crisis) - Post-Cold War: o More focus on internal developments in states o Sense that the UN served national interest as well as morality Slide 5: The UN’s post-Cold War activities - Continued emphasis on traditional peacekeeping - Expanded to include attempts to resolve internal disputes (civil wars) – peace enforcement - Focus on improving states’ economic, social, and political conditions Slide 6: The United Nations and intervention - 1990s: New justifications for intervention, but no consensus o Intervention: “Deliberate incursion into a state w/o its consent by some outside agency, in order to change the functioning, policies, & goals of its government & achieve effects that favour the intervening agency.” o Most UN operations justified traditionally: A response to threats to international peace and security o States were reluctant to approve changes to intervention policies - 2001: Responsibility to Protect report o Move toward global governance and away from unconditional sovereignty? Slide 7: Economic and social questions - Significant increase in number of UN institutions that address economic and social issues
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