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Lecture 6

PSYC 1F90 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Maternal Health, World Bank, Structural Adjustment


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 1F90
Professor
John Mitterer
Lecture
6

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LECTURE 6: Global inequality and globalization
Global Diversity and inequality
A) Geographical features--> live by the ocean, up north (cultural climate)
B) Religion and Culture--> influence how childhood is experienced and interpreted
C) Internal inequalities--> within nations (based on cast system, class, ethnicity,
Gender, etc.)
Within families--> age of the child (oldest has certain advantages/disadvantages)
D) Global inequalities: across nations --> 10% own the most wealth in the world
Less population contribute to the most GDP but the most amount of children are in a low SES
Globalization
Has been around for a long time--> more recently intensified
1) Capital and commodities (economic) --> the capital is easily circulated around the world by investing in
movement of goods to sell around the world (most things that we wear are not made in Canada)
2) Policies--> global policy--> many policies that unite or break countries up around the world
3) Global inequality --> the globe is more interlinked then we might like, people in Germany are affected by
what happens in Ethiopia
4) Information--> global community through the Internet and the era of information--> have a lot of
knowledge about what goes on in the rest of the world
5) Culture--> American culture has been exported through TV, movies, and has a significant influence in many
other cultures (MC dicks popping up in china --> American culture influence)
6) People--> much easier --> because of flight, however some people find it harder to move than others
7) Environment --> the changes in the environment there are concerns that what happens in one country can
affect other countries in the world
Child work in a global content
1) General differences between industrialized nations and the global south
Child work more common in global south
Link to poverty
Link to demand for cheep labour
Lack of supported education
2) " Working children in Zimbabwe" child labour vs. work
Sensless division but the key division is the types of work
In Zimbabewe the children working for many people and with the HIV crisis it makes the young people
to step up while the older population ends up dying from HIV
The African charter on the rights of the child --> children should work but the importance is to bring up
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