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Lecture 12

PSYC 1F90 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Meta-Analysis


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 1F90
Professor
Kathryn Belicki
Lecture
12

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PSYC 1F90: Introduction to Psychology
Lecture 12 – Depression
Monday, March 21st, 2016 – Monday, March 28th, 2016
The Most Common Symptom: Depression
Symptoms:
Affective
Change in emotions/mood
Life becomes very grey (nothing is exciting/interesting anymore)
Physical
Aches and pains
The feeling of being sick
Exhaustion is common
Heaviness
Restlessness
Change in sleep (too much or too little)
Change in eating habits (too much or too little)
Cognitive
“Style” of thinking
Mind begins to slow down
Difficulty to think clearly – cannot multitask, organize oneself, etc.
Difficulty concentrating
Beck’s Depressive Triad (also called Cognitive Triad)
Negative thoughts and views about oneself
Negative thoughts and views about the world
Negative thoughts and views about the future (hopelessness)
Prognosis:
Often improves on its own
With treatment, it improves faster and makes it more likely that it will improve
Treatment:
Psychotherapy
Benefits: speeds recovery and teaches skills that make it easier for the person to manage
it the next time around
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
Focuses on how a person thinks, in which contribute to depression
Teaches the person new ways of thinking (change thinking)
Evidence suggests that it is very successful
Emotion Focused Therapy (EFT)
Focuses on how a person feels (identify, safely express, etc.)
Evidence suggests that it is also very successful
Exercise
Works equally as well as psychotherapy
Antidepressants
Kirsch et al. (2008)
Conducted a meta-analysis of published studies
Found that 75% of the effect was placebo effect
Conducted a second meta-analysis of published and unpublished studies
Found that 85% of the effect was placebo effect
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find more resources at oneclass.com
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