PSYC 2P45 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Morris Water Navigation Task, Spatial Memory, Ethology
Cognition: thought processes like knowledge and thinking. Comparative cognition: theo(cid:396)eti(cid:272)al (cid:272)o(cid:374)st(cid:396)u(cid:272)ts a(cid:374)d (cid:373)odels that e(cid:454)plai(cid:374) (cid:271)eha(cid:448)iou(cid:396) that (cid:272)a(cid:374)"t (cid:271)e characterized in terms of simple s-r or reflex mechanisms. Memory: ability to respond on the basis of information that was acquired earlier. Both learning and memory studies involve: acquisition, retention (retention interval, retrieval. Differences: learning: acquisition phase, memory: retention and retrieval phases. The rat is then released from a cage after a delay to determine how long a rat can remember for by varying the delay. Rats can remember for up to 10 seconds. Working memory: information is used for the duration of a task: only keep it for as long as you need it to complete a task. Reference memory: long-term retention needed for the successful use of incoming and recently acquired information. Colour, number, etc. effects how well the animal does: duration of stimulus. How long do you leave the sample up.