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Lecture 2

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Dennis Wall

SOCI2P11 D2 LEC02 Monday, September 17 Logic of social research: Theory and practice Readings: Neuman/Robson, chapters 1 & 2 Seminars: Topic selection, research statement, and review of literature Annotated Bibliography 1. What is an annotated bibliography? An annotated bibliography gives an account of the research that has been done on a given topic An annotated bibliography is an alphabetical list of research sources An annotated bibliography provides a concise summary of each source and some assessment of its value or relevance An annotated bibliography should be considered one stage in a larger research project 2. Selecting the sources 3. Summarizing the argument of a source: An annotation biliography Finding scholarly journal articles 1. Decide on a research topic 2. Use the library database of electronic journals for locating periodical articles about your topic: i. Go to library home page from the Brock website ii. Under “Quick links” selection “library” iii. Select “Research” and then “Databases” iv. Scroll down and select “Sociology” v. Select the database, e.g. “Scholars Portal E-Journals”, “Social Sciences Citation Index” “Sociological Abstracts”, etc. vi. Select the date range and other relevant information vii. Conduct a search using specific keywords or key phrases, e.g. ethnic AND (social) mobility AND Canada attitudes AND marijuana AND Canada gender stereotyping AND magazines 1 alienation AND work women AND obesity date rape viii. download the articles – find 8 relevant ones ix. create the reference according to APA style x. write a concise annotation for each of your 8 sources being sure to include the relevant information. Data Collection Techniques and Time Dimension 1. Experiments – laboratories and natural settings -examples: i.- labs ii.- breaching experiments (natural setting) iii.- elevator studies – conformity / those who deviate 2. Surveys i.--Cross-sectional Surveys (point-in-time) - most common; cheapest; take the least amount of time - non-experimental - tries to describe reality - public research – elections, etc. - situation is not manipulated ii.--Longitudinal Surveys (repeated point-in-time) · cohort (group) - focus is on categories of similarities · panel study (“life course study”) - researching the same people, group, organization, etc. at multiple time points · time series - gathering the same type of information at two or more time periods 2 Summary of three types of longitudinal surveys: cohort study: people identifying as member of a particular group at particular points in time panel study: same group or people / different times / follow them time series: issue-based / different people / different times 3. Content Analysis - systematically examining information or content in written or symbolic material - can compare between two different items (e.g. two different magazines) 4. Existing Statistics - government reports or previously conducted surveys and statistics (e.g. census) - cheapest; most efficient way - access to Statistics Canada Key assumptions and characteristics of sociological writing - individualist argument - human nature argument (nature intended for women to do housework) - society argument Sociological evidence: i.- quantitative data are based on surveys, censuses, and statistics ii.- qualitative data comes from participant observation, in-depth interviews, data and texts, as well as from the researcher's own impressions and reactions 3 How social theories work: i. - theories explain recurr
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