SOCI 1F90 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Economic Inequality, White Supremacy, Caste System In India

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10 Aug 2016
Department
Course
1. SOCI 1F90- Chapter 7
November 11
Social Inequality  when attributes (gender, minority status, class) affect a
person’s access to socially valued resources (money, status, education,
health care)
Social Stratification  system by which society ranks categories of people in
a hierarchy
oAn institutionalized and structured form of inequality in which
categories of people are:
- Ranked in a graded hierarchy of superior and inferior ranks
- These rankings are based on arbitrary criteria
- These criteria sere to create unequal access to rewards,
resources, privileges and life chances in a society
Social Differentiation and Social Inequality
oDifference is a key feature of social stratification
oDifferences contain no inherent basis for inequality- society
evaluates and ranks certain characteristics that are
perceived/constructed as “different”
oRace, class, gender, sexual orientation, etc. are all dimensions of
differential ranking and an integral feature of social stratification in
Canada
oAll systems of stratification are accompanied by a prevailing
ideology
Meritocracy
oA system of rewards based on personal attributes and
demonstrated abilities
oA myth that democratic choice is equally available to all
oIt contributes to people blaming the victim
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