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Lecture 2

SOCI 2P11 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Symbolic Interactionism, Juvenile Delinquency, Social Sciences Citation Index


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCI 2P11
Professor
Dennis Wall
Lecture
2

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SOCI2P11 D2 LEC02
Monday, September 17 Logic of social research: Theory and practice
Readings: Neuman/Robson, chapters 1 & 2
Seminars: Topic selection, research statement, and review of literature
Annotated Bibliography
1. What is an annotated bibliography?
An annotated bibliography gives an account of the research that has been done on a given topic
An annotated bibliography is an alphabetical list of research sources
An annotated bibliography provides a concise summary of each source and some assessment of
its value or relevance
An annotated bibliography should be considered one stage in a larger research project
2. Selecting the sources
3. Summarizing the argument of a source:
An annotation biliography
Finding scholarly journal articles
1. Decide on a research topic
2. Use the library database of electronic journals for locating periodical articles about your topic:
i. Go to library home page from the Brock website
ii. Under “Quick links” selection “library”
iii. Select “Research” and then “Databases”
iv. Scroll down and select “Sociology”
v. Select the database, e.g. “Scholars Portal E-Journals”, “Social Sciences Citation Index
“Sociological Abstracts”, etc.
vi. Select the date range and other relevant information
vii. Conduct a search using specific keywords or key phrases, e.g.
ethnic AND (social) mobility AND Canada
attitudes AND marijuana AND Canada
gender stereotyping AND magazines

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alienation AND work
women AND obesity
date rape
viii. download the articles find 8 relevant ones
ix. create the reference according to APA style
x. write a concise annotation for each of your 8 sources being sure to include the relevant
information.
Data Collection Techniques and Time Dimension
1. Experiments laboratories and natural settings
-examples:
i.- labs
ii.- breaching experiments (natural setting)
iii.- elevator studies conformity / those who deviate
2. Surveys
i.--Cross-sectional Surveys (point-in-time)
- most common; cheapest; take the least amount of time
- non-experimental
- tries to describe reality
- public research elections, etc.
- situation is not manipulated
ii.--Longitudinal Surveys (repeated point-in-time)
· cohort (group)
- focus is on categories of similarities
· panel study (“life course study”)
- researching the same people, group, organization, etc. at multiple time
points
· time series
- gathering the same type of information at two or more time periods
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Summary of three types of longitudinal surveys:
cohort study: people identifying as member of a particular group at particular
points in time
panel study: same group or people / different times / follow them
time series: issue-based / different people / different times
3. Content Analysis
- systematically examining information or content in written or symbolic material
- can compare between two different items (e.g. two different magazines)
4. Existing Statistics
- government reports or previously conducted surveys and statistics (e.g. census)
- cheapest; most efficient way
- access to Statistics Canada
Key assumptions and characteristics of sociological writing
- individualist argument
- human nature argument (nature intended for women to do housework)
- society argument
Sociological evidence:
i.- quantitative data are based on surveys, censuses, and statistics
ii.- qualitative data comes from participant observation, in-depth
interviews, data and texts, as well as from the researcher's own impressions and
reactions
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