Renaissance man, humanism (glorification of the human form), secularism (separation from the church). Breakaway from a solid religious faith in italy and northern areas. Strong respect for science, math and the more rational side of academics. There is a new questioning of why things are the way they are. This led to new techniques being experimented with to go with these new surges of ideas. Greek and roman classical period was seen as a high period, the renaissance saw this as a high period to follow. Intense interest in the natural world and what they visually see. Limbourg brothers, tres riches heures du luc de berry, 1411-16. This would be seen as a family heirloom, would be passed down. Used for meditation, religious purposes, but would be on view so people could see. Book of heures is made up of 12 pages, one for every day of the year. Generally these books were commissioned by the upper classes.