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CDNS 2210 (12)

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Canadian Studies
CDNS 2210
Peter Thompson

Colonial Canada - John Cabot “discovered Canada” 1497 - French claim Northern half of Canada, were established around the fur trade - French settlers set up town, they went deep into Canada, but it was hard to get settlers, Canada was very unsettled at the time - Britain and French keep fighting to gain control over Colonial Canada - British go more for the south (America) - 17 and 18 century, France looses interest in Canada, they stop giving supplies to French in Canada - Fed 10 1763, British wins, gets most of French territories (Northern America), they establish a colonial government in Colonial Canada - Small towns and garrisons, small towns o Idea is that Canada develops this culture where people are spread out by great distances - With the switch to British rule, Canada adopts a culture which is very close to the United States, both speak English, share similar geographic features , rules same arm of the British government (until America revolution) - Gradual process of independence (which happened gradually) o tend to be thought we have a very anti revolutionary sprite (counter revolution) o In Canada, independence came though a series of legislative processes which deny opportunity for revolution vs. U.S revolution - How does Canada still have a Colonial mindset?, Frey says Canada is only country in the world that is pure colonial o Canada waits for British independence instead of grabbing independence like America o Also in terms of Mercantile economics, where people extract things from the environment, like wood and minerals and gas, and export to other places and are then refined and made into products, then are sold back to us o Much of world is very indifferent from Canada, still invisible to much of world, which (he believes) comes from this period of colonial times in Canada where the country was always an obstacle to the imperial powers like Britian or France, never something people actually wanted, seen as a colonial space, o Believes that Canada needs to get rid of colonial mindset, unite the country with different cultural attributes with a goal to getting rid of colonial mindset Frye - Consequences of the Colonial Mentality o Need to make Canada unique  He argues that much of Canadian looked to London as the place where culture emerged, Canada was an inferior place o What makes Canada different from the US  Canada protected against the influence of U.S  Once a colony for British, Canada might become a colony for the U.S, what the anti colonialist were dealing with at the time  Canada needs to develop something that is unique and marketly different from U.S.,  He believes that Canada needs to be unique, need to be protected for thee states, argues that Canadians can capitalize on sense on nationalism that happens during the world war o Looking to develop a national culture by looking at the landscape  Which he believes is unique in Canada  Believes that Northern part of Canada separates from rest of world  He is looking from a set of expressions, vocab, etc, that would get rid of the colonial mind set, which they believe comes from the landscape, separates especially from U.K, - Northrop Frye o Background  Studied at UFT, Oxford,  Thought at UFT  He is a literally critique, who critiques William Blake o He comes up with this systems of myths , Interest in Myth  He argues that myths that exists in literature are being repeated by poets or writers, and all these myths are passed down unconsciously through generations, can trace pomes backwards through many generations o Frye’s “Conclusion”  In his conclusion to literary of Canada, idea that mythic patterns of recurrence, applies that idea to Canada  Argues that Canadian culture is developed in small towns that is surrounded by wilderness and cut of by civilization (his thesis), living in a garrisons, this experience gets mapped onto Canadian culture (stamped onto the Canadian experience), which comes up in Canadian literature, everything outside of the walls of garrisons is dangerous, he is looking backwards to Canadian literature and tracking these ideas that come up again and again - Frye’s Approach o Structuralism – every piece of writing is part of a system, so every piece of literature fits in with other pieces of literature that is being produced at the same time, see codes that are built into literally works that emerge time and time again o Social Conditions – Canadian social conditions produce a very particular type of literature, people work on the land constantly and extracting things from that landscape, people are more concern with the basic elements of survival in Canada, as result, Canadians haven’t produced great works of literature  Also hasn’t been much thought as to what Canadian culture might look like because Canadians don’t really read Canadian literature, which has hampered creative expression in Canada, he is trying to create a set of image and vocab that will get people talk about Canadian culture o Canada as Unified (in terms of relationship with the landscape) **MOST IMPORTANT  All Canadians are unified in terms on their relationship with the landscape, ex share the experience of terrified of the landscape, or taking and engaging things from the landscape  Also unified in terms of historical experience of arriving in the country,  Canadian culture is determined when settlers arrived on the shores of Canada, where they saw this landscape that was hu
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