POLI 352 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Census Geographic Units Of Canada, Memorandum

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POLI352
January 30th
Rural areas help power urban areas.
Classifying Urban and ‘ural
Coeptualizig ura
- Demographic:
o Population size, population density, economic heterogeneity
- Socio-cultural:
o Are we all more urban today?
What does this mean?
Different (and similar) service requirements in urban and rural areas
Measuring urban and rural: Population centers
Population data measured by statistics Canada through the census
- Latest in 2016
Rural areas (<1000) and Population centers (PC) (>1000people + > 400 persons per square km)
- Small PC = 1000-29,999 (918 in 2016)
- Medium PC = 30,000 99,999 ) (57 in 2016)
- Large PC = 100,000+ (30 in 2016)
Population centers are not municipalities!
- Ex: Montreal
Measuring Urban and Rural: CMAs and CAs
Census Metropolitan Area (CMAs)
- Municipalities surrounding urban core
- Population > 100,000 total, 50,000 in core
- Growth 6.2%
In 2016 census, these metropolitans areas are growing. We found that 70% of Canadians live in
metropolitan areas.
Census Agglomerations (Cas)
- Municipalities surrounding urban core
- Population > 10,000 and max total 50,000
- Growth 3.3%
Rural municipalities (<1000) and small municipalities (<5000) outside CMAs and Cas suffering
The challenges of urban growth and sprawl in Toronto
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Document Summary

Demographic: population size, population density, economic heterogeneity. Different (and similar) service requirements in urban and rural areas. Population data measured by statistics canada through the census. Rural areas (<1000) and population centers (pc) (>1000people + > 400 persons per square km) In 2016 census, these metropolitans areas are growing. We found that 70% of canadians live in metropolitan areas. Rural municipalities (<1000) and small municipalities (<5000) outside cmas and cas suffering. The challenges of urban growth and sprawl in toronto. Greenbelt act 2005, places to grow act 2005. Causes of population growth in large urban areas. Urbanization a worldwide trend linked to globalization. Urban economies increasingly linked through complex trade and financial relationships. Rural to ur(cid:271)a(cid:374) (cid:373)igratio(cid:374) i(cid:374) (cid:858)glo(cid:271)al south(cid:859) Growth in canadian cities fueled by immigration. Purpose to present options and a recommendation on an issue of urban government relevant for your adopted city (or other canadian city) discussed in the book and lectures so far.

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