Module 4 Aboriginals
! Cree !
! Nakota !
! Dene !
! Atsina !
! Beaver !
! Salteaux !
! Fur Trade !
! Hudson Bay Company !
! North West Company
! Métis !
! Bison !
! Ruperts Land Act !
! North West Mounted Police !
! Treaties !
! Reserves !
! Peasant farming policy !
! Red River Settlement !
! Louis Riel !
! Manitoba Act !
! Northwest Rebellion !
! River lots !
! Poundmaker !
! Big Bear !
! Gabriel Dumont !
! General Middleton !
! Indian Act !
1. Discuss the distribution of First Nations groups living in the Prairie
Provinces in the late 1600's. How did their distributions change by the
2. How did Aboriginal societies differ from European societies at the
time of contact? How would the differences affect these groups'
understanding of each other? !
3. What inpact did the merger of the Hudson Bay Company and the
North West company have on Aboriginal people? !
4. Although the treaties included provisions to establish Aboriginal
people as farmers, there are few Aboriginal farmers today. Explain
why this is. !
5. Discuss the positive and negative outcomes of the Métis resistance,
ﬁrst in Manitoba and later in Saskatchewan. !
6. The Royal Commission on Aboriginal People asserts that
Aboriginal people assumed certain basic principles were followed
in the treaty making process. In what ways did the application of
the Indian Act support or not support these principles. !
First Nations in the Prairie Provinces
First Nations people were the ﬁrst humans to live in what is now the
Prairie Provinces. Many researchers think they came to North America
from Siberia through the Bering Strait. Estimates regarding when First
Nations people arrived on the Prairies vary. Some researchers suggest
40,000 years ago, others point to evidence in the Yukon from 27,000
years ago, still other theorists claim First Nations people have been in
North America since time immemorial (Dickason, 2002). Glaciers would
have prevented First Nations people from living on the Prairies until
approximately 12,000 years ago. They would then have moved north