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Lecture 1

BIOL 1116 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Statistical Hypothesis Testing, Falsifiability

2 pages45 viewsFall 2017

Department
Biology
Course Code
BIOL 1116
Professor
Gwilym
Lecture
1

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-,
HNTROTOSCIENCE
mmmmm
-SCIENCE way of learning World through observation bexperiment
>draws conclusions based on evidence
>biology science applied to all living Organisms
-THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD
1OBSERVATIONS -from other results or previous experiments
2QUESTION -about unclear aspects of Observations
°HOW ?
WHEN
?WHY ?
3HYPOTHESIS -tentative explanations of aphenomena that is
testable Bfalsifiable
ex .if ... (statement /hypothesis )is true ,then ...(predictions ).
4PREDICTIONS -
logical ,testable outcomes of the hypothesis
5TESTS -determine if predictions are Supported
experimental tests 3control tests
results must be repeatable
-2METHODS OF REASONING
>DEDUCTIVE REASONING using general premises to make specific
Predictions (certainty )
>INDUCTIVE REASONING using specific Observations lead to broader
generalizations bTheories (probability )
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