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Class Notes for BIOL 112 at McGill University


MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 28: Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism, Restriction Site, Restriction Enzyme

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11 Apr 2019
0
From last lecture: we saw how we can use genetic engineering in cloning to learn something about a gene that is mysterious. About a gene that is causin
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MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 27: Bamhi, Dna Ligase, Sticky And Blunt Ends

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9 Apr 2019
0
Dna ligase and allow the piece of dna to stick together randomly and then the ligase covalently attach them by adding the last phosphate bond that is m
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MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 26: Brassicoraphanus, Horizontal Gene Transfer, Selective Breeding

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4 Apr 2019
0
Crops that has been genetically engineered and consumed by humans: corn: ~80% of corn grown in the u. s is genetically engineered/modified (gm). Most o
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MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 25: Ribozyme, Intron, Central Dogma Of Molecular Biology

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2 Apr 2019
0
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MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 24: Trp Operon, Lac Repressor, Lac Operon

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28 Mar 2019
0
Bacteria can regulate the expression of their genes. Bacteria have the same genes, but if we look at individual bacteria or even a colony of bacteria a
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MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 23: Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Double-Stranded Rna Viruses, Chamberland Filter

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26 Mar 2019
0
Viruses were discovered relatively recently as an infectious agent that is smaller than bacteria. Dmitri ivanosvsky started working on tobacco mosaic v
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MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Semiconservative Replication, Heavy Strand, Nitrogenous Base

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25 Mar 2019
0
Meselson and stahl experiment aims to show how dna was replicated. So, they decided to use an isotope f nitrogen to distinguish between parent and new
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MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 22: Aminoacyl-Trna, Phenyl Group, Transfer Rna

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25 Mar 2019
0
Lecture 21: more tales of the central dogma. Recap of last lecture: the genetic code is this mapping of triplet codons in the dna (sequences of 3 nucle
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MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture 20: DNA, Discovery and Replication

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16 Mar 2019
0
The genes for different traits are lined up along the chromosomes. By having many genes and alleles determine each phenotype. Most of the traits that w
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MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Homologous Chromosome, Punnett Square, Y Chromosome

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12 Mar 2019
0
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MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Thylakoid, Carbon Fixation, Redox

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27 Feb 2019
0
That is exactly the reverse for that of respiration: C6h12o6 + 6 o2 6 co2 + 6 h2o. The photosynthesis reaction takes place in the chloroplast (make the
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MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Hydroxycarbamide, Sister Chromatids, G1 Phase

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27 Feb 2019
0
Cell divide themselves with the fact that their daughter cells need to have a good inheritance with exactly the good number of chromosomes. (1 of each
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MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Cell Membrane, Cell Theory, S Phase

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27 Feb 2019
0
The ancient greeks figured that males and females must share some essence that mixes to produce the progeny. But they had no idea what that essence mig
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MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Pea, Wrinkle, Probability Distribution

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28 Feb 2019
0
Heredity: children resemble their parents, siblings are not identical. Nb: characters are different qualities like hair color, height and each of those
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MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Cell Membrane, Chromosome, Cell Theory

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23 Feb 2019
0
The ancient greeks figured that males and females must share some essence that mixes to produce the progeny. But they had no idea what that essence mig
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MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture 12: photosynthesis

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23 Feb 2019
0
That is exactly the reverse for that of respiration: C6h12o6 + 6 o2 6 co2 + 6 h2o. The photosynthesis reaction takes place in the chloroplast (make the
View Document
MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Redox, Reduction Potential, Fumaric Acid

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12 Feb 2019
0
It takes place in the cytoplasm and ends up with pyruvate. The pyruvate then gets shut off in the mitochondria where it is further oxidized to acetyl c
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MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture 10: Glycolysis

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7 Feb 2019
0
The tight junction ensure that materials don"t cross the epithelium. The gap junctions connect two epithelial cells. It creates channels between two ce
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MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture 9: cells 2

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6 Feb 2019
0
Lecture 9: cells 2: each protein has a short stretch (unique sequence) of amino acids (also called a tag ). Proteins are tagged: and that tells the gol
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MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture 8: cells

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31 Jan 2019
0
Cells have a nucleus, microtubules, actin and a cell membrane. Estimation at 4 x 1013 cells (and there is about same number of bacterial cells) Because
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MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture 7: Membranes

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30 Jan 2019
0
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MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture 6: sugars and lipids

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25 Jan 2019
0
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MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture 5: Energy

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23 Jan 2019
0
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MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Alpha Helix, Covalent Bond, Protein Folding

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19 Jan 2019
0
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MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture 3: Proteins

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17 Jan 2019
0
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MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture 2: Chemistry 2

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10 Jan 2019
0
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MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Radiocarbon Dating, Covalent Bond, Atomic Number

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8 Jan 2019
0
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MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture 3: Proteins

OC25201403 Page
17 Jan 2019
0
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MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture 2: Chemistry 2

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10 Jan 2019
0
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MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Pea, Wrinkle, Probability Distribution

OC25201405 Page
28 Feb 2019
0
Heredity: children resemble their parents, siblings are not identical. Nb: characters are different qualities like hair color, height and each of those
View Document
MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Radiocarbon Dating, Covalent Bond, Atomic Number

OC25201402 Page
8 Jan 2019
0
View Document
MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Hydroxycarbamide, Sister Chromatids, G1 Phase

OC25201408 Page
27 Feb 2019
0
Cell divide themselves with the fact that their daughter cells need to have a good inheritance with exactly the good number of chromosomes. (1 of each
View Document
MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Cell Membrane, Cell Theory, S Phase

OC25201404 Page
27 Feb 2019
0
The ancient greeks figured that males and females must share some essence that mixes to produce the progeny. But they had no idea what that essence mig
View Document
MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 27: Bamhi, Dna Ligase, Sticky And Blunt Ends

OC25201403 Page
9 Apr 2019
0
Dna ligase and allow the piece of dna to stick together randomly and then the ligase covalently attach them by adding the last phosphate bond that is m
View Document
MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 23: Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Double-Stranded Rna Viruses, Chamberland Filter

OC25201408 Page
26 Mar 2019
0
Viruses were discovered relatively recently as an infectious agent that is smaller than bacteria. Dmitri ivanosvsky started working on tobacco mosaic v
View Document
MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 25: Ribozyme, Intron, Central Dogma Of Molecular Biology

OC25201408 Page
2 Apr 2019
0
View Document
MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Homologous Chromosome, Punnett Square, Y Chromosome

OC25201405 Page
12 Mar 2019
0
View Document
MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 24: Trp Operon, Lac Repressor, Lac Operon

OC25201407 Page
28 Mar 2019
0
Bacteria can regulate the expression of their genes. Bacteria have the same genes, but if we look at individual bacteria or even a colony of bacteria a
View Document
MCGILLBIOL 112Joseph Dent, Frieder SchockWinter

BIOL 112 Lecture Notes - Lecture 26: Brassicoraphanus, Horizontal Gene Transfer, Selective Breeding

OC25201405 Page
4 Apr 2019
0
Crops that has been genetically engineered and consumed by humans: corn: ~80% of corn grown in the u. s is genetically engineered/modified (gm). Most o
View Document
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