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Lecture 18

RELG 253 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Korean Language, Lantern Festival, Songgwangsa


Department
Religious Studies
Course Code
RELG 253
Professor
Victor S?gen Hori
Lecture
18

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Buddhism in the Koryo
Intro
935-1392
Korea unified under Silla and Parhae
Mongolian invasion towards the end
Barbarian clan
From central Asia
Considered to be distinct from Chinese
They set up their own Chinese Empire
Huge impact on politics and culture
Unification
Khitan (Mongols) and Liao (Chinese empire under Mongols) invade Kaegyong (capital)
twice, but beaten back
Jinghiz Khan invasion
Truce in 1259
Koryo is a vassal state to China (1231)
1368, Mongols are defeated in China
Taejo
The Great Progenitor
Ancestor worshipping
Wang Geon = King
6 queens
Married the daughter of every single clan leader
Construction capital city Kaegyong
Master of diplomacy
One Koryo vs three kingdoms
Religion
Shamanic religion
Sinkyo
Confucianism
Chinese style bureaucracy and legal code
Academy examination
Civil service system
Ideally, it is a meritocracy
Conflict with the idea of the Bone Rank system
Public and private academies
Ritual (Confucian)
Civil admin is superior to military
Buddhism
Not discrete categories; very inclusive
Each one is related to the others
Social Structure
Four classes
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