Class Notes (838,386)
Canada (510,872)
Geography (806)
GEOG 216 (241)


5 Pages
Unlock Document

GEOG 216
Akman/ Freeman

The World of the City Cities are rational landscapes for capital accumulation - David Harvey • production • circulation • realization • social reproduction From Hayter and Patchell • cities as agglomerations ◦ reduce transaction costs ◦ externalities ■ a certain labor force with specialized training ■ companies rely on each other • creative cities ◦ places of creativity - innovation ◦ origin of capitalism - people would flee feudal system and go to the cities ■ cosmopolitan ■ merchants travel from cities to cities • primate cities ◦ one city who's economy is several times sizes greater than the next biggest city - population thats substantially greater than the next biggest city - often where the government is based ◦ ex/ England -- London - overwhelmingly dominant city ◦ ex/ France - Paris ◦ typical case in the third world ■ b/c often it was a place that was colonized, and colonizers found it useful to have one place to base their military/econ power and then go out and dominate the rest of the territory ■ ex/ Mexico - Mexico City • creative destruction ◦ last half of last paragraph of the text Chicago School of Urban Sociology, Zonal Model • prof prefers this model over Hayter/Patchell's version • Hierarchy of density and land values ◦ population density in the center, property values etc go down as you go out ◦ 1. CBD: central business district: commerce and industry ■ they see it expanding - bringing down the desirability around the CBD, but not bringing down the value ■ ex/ immigrants who live in slums in the center paid higher rents for shittier rooms i.e. tenements than people who live on the periphery of the city ■ social argument ■ as immigrants arrive in the city, they arrive in the zone of transition where they can rent the cheapest, and as they get established ◦ 2. zone of transition: low rent, waiting for CDB to expand ◦ 3. Neighborhoods: settled working class ■ often ethnic neighborhoods ◦ 4. residential: middle classes ■ next generation ◦ 5. commuter suburbs • although high value in the center of the city, as you get more wealthy you move to the outskirts of cities • model based on Chicago ◦ industry located along railroad corridor ◦ docks, smoke stack industries, etc not desirable places for people to live if you have more money, thus the poor wind up living there as well Fordist City Transformations • Hinterland ◦ cities tied to hinterlands ◦ ex/ Chicago ■ Chicago is a railroad hub on the great lakes ■ city draws in resources, labor, and sends out manufactured goods to hinterlands • Streetcars ◦ 1920-1960ish peak of streetcar era ◦ expand range of central business district ◦ transformed from walking cities to new street car suburbs to emerge ■ allows people to live further out and have convenient/quick transportation to the center ◦ get torn up around 1960s ■ replaced by buses • Suburbanization • Cars, busses, freeways replace streetcars in 1960s ◦ bring freeways into inner city - destroys lower income neighborhoods ◦ slum removal + freeways • Slum removal, public housing ◦ tear up tenements etc and replace with high rise towers • Containerization ◦ ports major way to transport goods pre 1960s ■ unloaded by hand by long shore men ◦ replaced by containers - standard sized shipping containers ■ can be stacked on ship, placed on a railcar, be pulled by tractor trailer system ■ very efficient ◦ requires transformation in the infrastructure ◦ ex/ Old Port can't accommodate huge ass ships Post-Fordist City Post-Industrial City • Deindustrialization ◦ old industrial spaces because
More Less

Related notes for GEOG 216

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.