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GEOG 216 (241)
Lecture

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Department
Geography
Course
GEOG 216
Professor
Akman/ Freeman
Semester
Fall

Description
The World of the City Cities are rational landscapes for capital accumulation - David Harvey • production • circulation • realization • social reproduction From Hayter and Patchell • cities as agglomerations ◦ reduce transaction costs ◦ externalities ■ a certain labor force with specialized training ■ companies rely on each other • creative cities ◦ places of creativity - innovation ◦ origin of capitalism - people would flee feudal system and go to the cities ■ cosmopolitan ■ merchants travel from cities to cities • primate cities ◦ one city who's economy is several times sizes greater than the next biggest city - population thats substantially greater than the next biggest city - often where the government is based ◦ ex/ England -- London - overwhelmingly dominant city ◦ ex/ France - Paris ◦ typical case in the third world ■ b/c often it was a place that was colonized, and colonizers found it useful to have one place to base their military/econ power and then go out and dominate the rest of the territory ■ ex/ Mexico - Mexico City • creative destruction ◦ last half of last paragraph of the text Chicago School of Urban Sociology, Zonal Model • prof prefers this model over Hayter/Patchell's version • Hierarchy of density and land values ◦ population density in the center, property values etc go down as you go out ◦ 1. CBD: central business district: commerce and industry ■ they see it expanding - bringing down the desirability around the CBD, but not bringing down the value ■ ex/ immigrants who live in slums in the center paid higher rents for shittier rooms i.e. tenements than people who live on the periphery of the city ■ social argument ■ as immigrants arrive in the city, they arrive in the zone of transition where they can rent the cheapest, and as they get established ◦ 2. zone of transition: low rent, waiting for CDB to expand ◦ 3. Neighborhoods: settled working class ■ often ethnic neighborhoods ◦ 4. residential: middle classes ■ next generation ◦ 5. commuter suburbs • although high value in the center of the city, as you get more wealthy you move to the outskirts of cities • model based on Chicago ◦ industry located along railroad corridor ◦ docks, smoke stack industries, etc not desirable places for people to live if you have more money, thus the poor wind up living there as well Fordist City Transformations • Hinterland ◦ cities tied to hinterlands ◦ ex/ Chicago ■ Chicago is a railroad hub on the great lakes ■ city draws in resources, labor, and sends out manufactured goods to hinterlands • Streetcars ◦ 1920-1960ish peak of streetcar era ◦ expand range of central business district ◦ transformed from walking cities to new street car suburbs to emerge ■ allows people to live further out and have convenient/quick transportation to the center ◦ get torn up around 1960s ■ replaced by buses • Suburbanization • Cars, busses, freeways replace streetcars in 1960s ◦ bring freeways into inner city - destroys lower income neighborhoods ◦ slum removal + freeways • Slum removal, public housing ◦ tear up tenements etc and replace with high rise towers • Containerization ◦ ports major way to transport goods pre 1960s ■ unloaded by hand by long shore men ◦ replaced by containers - standard sized shipping containers ■ can be stacked on ship, placed on a railcar, be pulled by tractor trailer system ■ very efficient ◦ requires transformation in the infrastructure ◦ ex/ Old Port can't accommodate huge ass ships Post-Fordist City Post-Industrial City • Deindustrialization ◦ old industrial spaces because
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