HIST 203 Lecture 3-19 3/19/2013 10:04:00 AM
Canadians in WWII cont.
Could not appeal internment, communists and Nazis were targeted
in Canada. When Italy entered the war, Italian fascists were
interned as well. Minister of Justice could intern anyone acting
Operation Husky – 10 October 1943
o Invasion of Sicily – first involvement in Europe since Dieppe.
Taking was important for ground experience as they would
move up the boot.
o Moro River Campaign (4-26 December)
o Battle of Ortona (20-28 December 1943) – most significant,
toughest battle area for the Canadians. Fought house to
house, Germans would withdraw
o Rome fell 4 June 1944 – battle begin 11 May 1944, Germans
left the city. Italian campaign would keep on until the end of
the war, was not the glorious part of the war. “D-Day
Dodgers” as they could not participate while being in Europe
o 25,000 casualties – 93,000 served total
o 7,016 ships – lead by Dwight Eisenhower, supreme Allied
o Canada was officially part of the British army, tasked with
taking Juno Beach. Less allies in Italy, many were transferred
to Normandy. 1,074 would be dead or missing, moved further
than any other force, and deaths were half than expected.
o Significant opposition in Cayenne, Canadians would take it by
the end of July. Would push on to Falaise to stop Germans
from escaping between gaps of Allied Forces
o Canadians would have 18,500 through Normandy campaign.
They moved up the coast to liberate supplied ports in Europe
Conscription Crisis of 1944
o Call for conscription was coming from King’s defense minister,
Ralston. Put McNaughton, previous head of Canadian army.
o After Italian and Normandy campaigns – troop shortage
Could not appeal internment, communists and nazis were targeted in canada. When italy entered the war, italian fascists were interned as well. Minister of justice could intern anyone acting prejudicial. Operation husky 10 october 1943: invasion of sicily first involvement in europe since dieppe. Taking was important for ground experience as they would move up the boot: moro river campaign (4-26 december, battle of ortona (20-28 december 1943) most significant, toughest battle area for the canadians. Fought house to house, germans would withdraw: rome fell 4 june 1944 battle begin 11 may 1944, germans left the city. Italian campaign would keep on until the end of the war, was not the glorious part of the war. Dodgers as they could not participate while being in europe: 25,000 casualties 93,000 served total. Operation overloard: 7,016 ships lead by dwight eisenhower, supreme allied. Forces commander: canada was officially part of the british army, tasked with taking juno beach.