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Lecture 14

Lecture 14: Great Scot!

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HIST 383
Brian Cowan

Lecture 14 Great ScotProfessor Brian CowanDate Oct 5 2011 the British problem multiple identities of Britishness in the Isles England Wales and Scotland and Ireland through its representatives in Scottish Parliament 1707 vote themselves out of resistance vote to unite kingdom of Scotland with England create new kingdom of Great Britain Scottish National Party may hold a referendum at one point in the 21st century to see if people want independence in 18th c there was a union fever among elites want to unify Scotland and England Scotland had its own king but since 1603 same king of Scotland was king of England James VI of Scotland I of England and Ireland 1650s Oliver Cromwell conquered Scotland restored to its ancient status as an independent nation with Charles II through multiple kingships were able to play one kingdom against the other Exclusion Crisis Charles could manipulate Scottish Parliament to pass a succession act allowing James to be the next king he raised prospect of war between the kingdoms if exclusion bill had gone through WAR people didnt want war prevented the exclusion crisisfear of going back to civil war when James became king 1689 revolution if Scotland and England Revolution in Scotland had a different course more violent religious character of Scotland different religious settlement would have been made in Scotland Stuart kings traditionally maintained an Episcopalian Church in all of their kingdoms Scotland was full of Presbyterians though bishops were ungodly popish invasion that would corrupt religion local elders establish religious doctrine this is the godly way by late 17th c England moved away from Calvinism and went closer to free will Calvinism was based on predestinationwhen James runs for it both Scotland and England have no king looks like Glorious Revolution is playing out in Scotland as well as England William was a Dutch Calvinist his religious beliefs aligned closer to the religious beliefs of Scotland they were ticked off by the reintroduction of the authority of Episcopalianism in Scotland since Restoration 1689 feel there is a chance to restore the Presbyterian covenant
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