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Lecture

February 12th


Department
Music-Arts Faculty
Course Code
MUAR 211
Professor
Jerry M.Cain

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MUAR 211 The Art of Listening Winter 2013
February 12th, 2013
music for 18th & 19th centuries from Vienna, Austria
city associated with 3 of the most influential musicians of the Classical period:
o Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809)
o Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791)
o Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827)
Haydn
o born in Rohrau, Austria
o Mozart called him Papa Haydn
o once kicked out of choir since couldn’t maintain soprano voice, becomes
freelance musician with no patron
o age 29 entered service for Esterhazy family
Esterhazy family was wealthiest & most powerful Hungarian royal
family palace was huge with academies, court musicians, music at
dinner and in evenings
o eventually became Kapellmeister in charge of substantial musical
establishment in palace of Esterhazy
financial security
free access to good ensemble of players
inexhaustible opportunities to compose
frequent contact with fine musicians & musical connoisseurs
o published work & travelled abroad to promote international reputation
o celebrated in London composed London String Quartets & London
Symphonies
o considered largely responsible for codifying structure of string quartet
string quartet: four-movement musical genre for first violin, second violin, viola &
cello
o one of the most popular types of chamber music in late 18th century
o range broadly in difficulty
o many of Haydn’s intended for amateur performance
classical music is homophonic in general polyphonic music tends to spin out over
long periods of time
symphony: multi-movement instrumental genre for orchestra alone
o no featured soloist
o predecessors are opera overture & dance suite
o usually has 4 movements
1st fast
2nd slow
3rd moderate
4th fast
2nd & 3rd sometimes reversed
orchestra: based around a core of bowed strings; played at least 4 separate parts
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