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MUAR 211 (179)
Jerry M.Cain (110)

March 21st

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Music-Arts Faculty
MUAR 211
Jerry M.Cain

MUAR 211 – The Art of Listening Winter 2013 March 21 , 2013  expressionism is a style of art, music & theatre, primarily popular in Germany & Scandinavia between 1880-1925  often stresses intense, subjective emotion, isolation, madness or some intense and/or derange psychological state  stylistic reaction against pleasant subjects & soft pastel colours of impressionism  use bright, clashing colours infused with darkness  colours that are “wrong”  took form of social commentary & protest  expressionist painters to know  Ernest Ludwig Kirchner (German); Edvard Munch (Norwegian)  expressionist composers to know  The Second Viennese School (Arnold Schoenberg, Anton Webern, Alban Berg) o not a formal school  group of composers who worked for each other o closely associated but developed different compositional styles  Webern = abstract; Berg = romantic; Schoenberg = somewhere in the middle  term expressionism only applies to music of these composers created prior to 1920  Arnold Schoenberg (1874-1951) o one of the 2 most important composers of 20 century o influential teacher, author, & innovator o music became one of several trends classified as modernist o master of the Second Viennese School o very influenced by highly chromatic music of late-Romantic composers o early successful works are late-romantic in style  Verklarte Nacht o abandoned tonality altogether around 1908 & composed first works of atonal music  still composed the genres using this o music strongly rejected by many contemporaries  disruptive & riotous audience reactions led to assaults, arrests & law suits; music critics waged “uglier brawl” in press o taught at Prussian Academy of Arts in Berlin until 1933  resigned after learning all Jewish instructors were to be fired (he was Jewish) o emigrated to United States in 1933 when Nazis ascended to power  music banned by Nazis o taught music composition & basic theory at University of California Los Angeles  atonal music (pantonal music, free atonality) o Schoenberg referred to advent of atonal music as “emancipation of dissonance” o intentional avoidance of any pitch center through careful avoidance of chord patterns common in tonal music o no rules about harmonies that are used in music today o there is no “home key” (the tonic) o today we use tonality because it is more pleasing to the ear o free atonal music, all 12 pitches of equal-tempered octave may be used at any time & in any combination  Pierrot Lunaire o written as a cabaret piece o entire work has 21 movements divided into 3 categories of 7 o poems relate to antics of commedia dell’arte clowns in sometimes horrifying & nightmarish way o scored for chamber ensemble (soprano, flute/piccolo, clarinet/bass clarinet, violin/viola, cello, piano) MUAR 211 – The Ar
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