FEBRUARY 17, 2012: Conference
Main issues in the development of states include industrialization (timing and type),
regime type, religious questions, questions of nation and nationalism and how that
connects to territory (territorial nation vs. political/cultural nation), effects of war
Significant ideologies: Socialism becomes very important after 1848, Democratic
Republicanism, fascism (more of a 20 century phenomenon), constitutional
monarchism, and liberalism (focus on individual property rights, can co-exist with
republicanism and monarchism), and conservatism.
Geography is a constant and important force. Questions of what the appropriate
size of a nation state is in order to be able to capitalize on larger economic forces.
Bismarck: the founder of the first modern welfare state (to take pressure off of his
regime from the lower classes).
Marriage of Iron and Rye was to gain the loyalty of the land owning elites.
State formation in Germany was more top-down and elite driven, and the German
state was able to absorb the reforming spirit of the French revolution without
becoming a Republican state.
State Formation in France:
1. Why was the French Revolution incomplete? The Revolution in France is
incomplete because it does not settle the regime question, nor does it provide a