Class Notes (783,895)
Canada (480,854)
POLI 227 (292)
Rex Brynen (112)
Lecture 6

POLI 227 Lecture 6.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

McGill University
Political Science
POLI 227
Rex Brynen

POLI 227 January 18, 2013 Lecture 6 Expansion of Colonial Rule: Africa Initial colonization of coast  16 -18 /19 century: slave trade ‘Scramble for Africa’ **Note: if you just use expansion of GDP as an indicator of dvlpmt, it would seem that econ dvlpmt causes countries to leap ahead – however, this doesn’t take into acct the pervasive inequality that tends to come from this DVLPMT IS COMPLEX – there are many aspects to dvlpmt, which must all be taken into acct Expansion of Euro influence into sub-Saharan Africa  For a long time, Europe didn’t care about Africa except for as a source of slaves  18 century: European colonialism begins; on the eve of WW1, most of Africa is under Euro political control Part of the dvlping world last to be colonized: Middle East… why?  Already a great pwr under the Ottomans  Beginning of the 19 century: Ottoman pwr began to fade  Pre-WW1: some Euro control of Middle East  Britain: Yemen, Egypt  France: Algeria  Btwn WW1 and WW2: former Ottoman possessions briefly came under Euro control Legacies of colonialism in the dvlping world: Modernization approach: colonialism is part and parcel of dvlpmt (econ changes partly spurred by outside actions)  Though it happened more quickly in this time, not very diff from modernization  Dvlping world ‘had’ to undergo the changes colonialism brought Dvlpmt theorists argue that colonialism put in place a relationship that made it very hard for countries to dvlp Colonialism in the Americas:  ‘American pattern’ (Clapham)  Indigenous societies generally destroyed or marginalized  Settler regimes, new social order based on race and class  Plantation/hacienda econs  When decolonization comes, poli control passes from metropole to local white elite (rather than to indigenous population) Colonialism in Africa and Asia:  Indigenous societies often larger, more robust, or more remote  Poli control passed to locals significantly influenced by colonial pwrs after decolonization  Agenda set by colonial needs (cotton, etc.)  Borders set by colonial pwrs – fundamental implications for current politics (allotment of resources, etc…)  (Racist) ideological justification – “white man’s burden” o French thought they had a civilizing mission o Germany want its ‘place in the sun’ Patterns of colonial rule:  Centralized/direct – white colonial administrators, decisions taken more often in Euro capitals rather than in the field (e.g. Algeria, considered an overseas part of France)  No local participation whatsoever  Indirect – typically associated w/ British colonial rule (though there was some variation from this, France tended more to direct rule and Britain tended more to indirect rule)  Co-opted local elites ; bought their loyalty w/ some petty pwrs (e.g. Indian princes who were granted nominal pwr by GB and ruled essentially as GB’s agents – British backed them w/ money and force)  Gulf monarchies another example  In some cases, the British invented local elites (e.g. monarchy in Jordan – of Saudi [then Hashemite] Arabian origin, dates to post-WW1 and was a diplomatic tool)… colonizers other than the Britons did this too, though it was a characteristically B
More Less

Related notes for POLI 227

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.