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Lecture 8

POLI 227 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Westernization, Sub-Saharan Africa, Class Conflict


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLI 227
Professor
Rex Brynen
Lecture
8

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POLI 227
January 23, 2013
Lecture 8
Colonialism the underdvlpmt view:
Dependence
Econ
Social
Poli
Cultural idolization of Western behaviour/culture that influenced
behaviour of dvlping countries… Westernization became the ideal
Colonialism is not just accelerated historical dvlpmt relationships of
dependency were est btwn colonizers and the colonized (dominance of the
West)
COLINIAL ERA IS FUNDAMENTAL
Dependency also shaped by 2 kinds of struggles:
1. Class struggle btwn typically Westernized econ elites and mass of
population
2. Nat’list regimes vs. dominant capitalist states
Path dependencies? Would there be lasting legacies of colonialism on
constitutions, legal systems, etc. of decolonized countries? (such were the
cases of Jordan, Canada, and others)… legacies of colonialism can be evident
in…
Status of judiciaries
Degree of rule of law
Poli parties (or nat’list mvmts)
This is an INSTITUTIONALIST perspective
Non-institutionalist legacies as well: e.g. solidification of racial cleavage btwn
Hutu and Tutsi in Rwanda during colonial period eventually led to modern
genocide
**COLONIALISM HAS LEGACIES THAT AFFECT POLITICS TODAY
State-Building and Regime Consolidation
At independence:
Much changed
End to colonial rule
New state and state machinery
New poli demands
…And much didn’t
Econ dependency
Structure of local society (in the sense that borders were drawn by
colonizers, this can sometimes be seen as legacy of colonialism)
Stability and instability:
The instability of most post-colonial regimes
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