Role of the UN & EU
- Contain and limit direct violence
o Peacekeeping missions (UNEP, UNIFIL, UNDOF)
- Help victims of the conflict
o Humanitarian aid (UNRWA)
- Ineffective in creating conditions for settlement
o Forum for communcication between parties
o Quartet (US EU Russia UN)
Limitarions and weaknesses
- Security council
o 5 members have veto power
o In GA? Or Security Council?
o Cold war influence and legacy
Looking back and ahead?
- How would the conflict have been different if the UN did not exist?
- What should be the role of the UN in the future of the conflict?
- Should the UN approve the Palestinian bid for observer-state status?
o EC call for Palestinian self-determination; homeland
o Declare settlements illegal under int’l law
- 1980s – develop relations with PLO
o Financial assistance
o Special diplomatic envo