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Lecture 6

POLI 227 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Sub-Saharan Africa, European Colonialism, Civilizing Mission

Political Science
Course Code
POLI 227
Rex Brynen

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POLI 227
January 18, 2013
Lecture 6
Expansion of Colonial Rule: Africa
Initial colonization of coast
16th-18th/19th century: slave trade
‘Scramble for Africa’
**Note: if you just use expansion of GDP as an indicator of dvlpmt, it would seem
that econ dvlpmt causes countries to leap ahead however, this doesn’t take into
acct the pervasive inequality that tends to come from this
DVLPMT IS COMPLEX there are many aspects to dvlpmt, which must all be taken
into acct
Expansion of Euro influence into sub-Saharan Africa
For a long time, Europe didn’t care about Africa except for as a source of
18th century: European colonialism begins; on the eve of WW1, most of Africa
is under Euro political control
Part of the dvlping world last to be colonized: Middle East… why?
Already a great pwr under the Ottomans
Beginning of the 19th century: Ottoman pwr began to fade
Pre-WW1: some Euro control of Middle East
Britain: Yemen, Egypt
France: Algeria
Btwn WW1 and WW2: former Ottoman possessions briefly came under Euro
Legacies of colonialism in the dvlping world:
Modernization approach: colonialism is part and parcel of dvlpmt (econ changes
partly spurred by outside actions)
Though it happened more quickly in this time, not very diff from
Dvlping world ‘had’ to undergo the changes colonialism brought
Dvlpmt theorists argue that colonialism put in place a relationship that made it very
hard for countries to dvlp
Colonialism in the Americas:
‘American pattern’ (Clapham)
Indigenous societies generally destroyed or marginalized
Settler regimes, new social order based on race and class
Plantation/hacienda econs
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