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March 6th Lecture.docx

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McGill University
PSYC 213
Jelena Ristic

March 6th LectureProblem Solving When we cannot immediately recall an answer from memory we have a problemAdmitting that there is a problem at hand is a critical first step towards problem solvingProblem solving involves going beyond the given info and transforming it to get an answer to a question Reassess relationships between variables Problem solving relies on many cognitive processes Attentionattending to aspects of problem that are most important Memorybringing to mind strategies and techniques that have worked in the past Languageunderstanding and communicating the problem Long thought to be a unique human ability Koehlerchimpanzees using available resources to get to a not immediately reachable banananot only humans have problem solving abilitiesnon verbal Problem solving cycle Not a linear progression of stepsdepend on context7 general steps taken1 Problem identificationidentifying that you have a problem can sometimes be a difficult step 2 Problem definitiononce identifiedwe need to define and represent the problem well what is the problem a critical step3 Constructing a strategyhow do we go about solving problem Analytic approachbreaking the problem into piecesbottom up Synthesis approachputting various elements togethertop down approach Divergent thinkinggenerate a number of different ways of s
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