March 20th.docx

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22 Apr 2012
March 20th - Intelligence (Continued) and Creativity
Theories of intelligence
Sternberg: Triarchic Theory
Integrative approach - saw intelligence as a complex system - opposite of spearman
Understanding intelligence as a complex system
Refer to definition of intelligence in previous lecture
Links between concepts
3 aspects of intelligence: that all interact with one another
A person's internal world (Analytical Intelligence)
Info processing (3 components)
Metacomponents (executive processes aka planning/monitoring)
Performance components (implement metacomponents)
Knowledge-acquisition components (used in learning how to solve
problems) - how do we change our approach based on our
Experience (Creative Intelligence) - how we adapt
How prior experience interacts with info-processing components - helps
us apply our knowledge
Expertise = automatization with experience
Novelty = more demand on intelligence - requires a lot of effort
System (over)loading - when something is too demanding and is too much
to handle
Optimum performance is challenging the system without overloading
Nothing to do with artistic creativity
External world (Practical Intelligence) - socio cultural factors
Relationship of intelligence with external world
Adaptation (learning new environment)
Selection (selecting interesting things)
Shaping (influencing the environment)
A mutually adaptive process
In his view an intelligent person is not someone who excels at everything - according
to his theory, we may apply intelligence in different venues
Different domains of intelligence
Has own intelligence test - the Sternberg Triarchic Abilities Test (STAT)
Gardner: Theory of multiple intelligences
Integrative approach
7 distinct intelligences - all independent of one another:
Linguistic (reading, understanding words)
Logical - Mathematical (reading maps, navigation)
Spatial (reading maps, navigation) - women are generally bad at this
Musical (singing, composing, appreciating music)
Bodily - Kinesthetic (dancing, running) - previously unaccounted for
Interpersonal (relating to others)
Intrapersonal (understanding ourselves)
Defined these categories using interdisciplinary methods
Isolation of function by brain damage
Existence of exceptional persons (deficits/abilities)
Developmental history (novices/experts)
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