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PSYC 215
Donald Taylor

PSYCH 215 Lecture Nov 23 Social Roles (PART 2)  Role Change o Changing role of women and men because if women change men impacted immediately o One way role changes is from within a group- slow process and eventually a role can change, if the role of student changes so does professor, role surrounding must change to adjust o Role change is thus not easy or frequent, for example one group that talks frequently about role change- nurses, we are health professionals part of a team, don’t just want to be a counterpart of doctors o Difficult change- can’t just talk to doctors about no autonomy, doctor would cling to script, especially part that does well for them, won’t change role to suit yours- true of society  Whether inside a family or inside big institution, not easy to change- repercussions o Ex. Prof did psycho therapy in drug addiction centre, struck by whenever client changed dramatically, off drugs no relapse, problems within family- spouse would come in saying its getting desperate, my husband needs help o 2 months later he’s dry- spouse is a mess, that family is a role system, the guy has played the role of the drunk, created bad vibrations and uncertainty, embarrassment- when he gets better, she is not rejoicing, she is uptight and stressed- doesn’t know where she fits in- “I’m not needed anymore” no identity, role has been changed o Can’t do therapy with one person, playing with small role system- affects everyone o Ex. Wife goes on jenny Craig, goes from 24 to a 6- guy will not be happy, role changes o Ex. People who win the lotto- someone wins 5 million dollars, not happy because role changes, can’t even figure out who real friends are, 100s of new friends, long lost brothers ect. All the usual ways you operate with people are gone, why keep job? Role is shot. o Roles dictate our every move, powerful influence on behavior, difficult to change o Role systems there for a purpose, fit and give us scripts, can’t just simply change  Reference Groups o Groups that we refer to: tennis club, academic club o Groups you belong to also reference group, membership as well o Doesn’t necessarily have to be that way o I might belong to this group but reference group is a different group: whenever I want to seek information I look only at reference group o EX. Poor kid brought up on wrong side of town, belongs to group of street kids, but falls in love with girl from other side, that group starts to become reference group, doesn’t refer to membership group, how to dress and talk influenced by reference, buddies say you’ve sold out ect. o Culturally or ethnically becomes tricky- ex. Oreo, you belong to us because you’re black but white on the inside, so your reference group is white o Most selections of reference group not so complicated and charged with emotion- student arrives at McGill, who becomes reference group? Mix of students. Probably also membership group. Can’t predict what group that’s going to be, psychology student group, identity different from arts, psychology is too big- not satisfying as membership group, could be people is RES- or commuter student, maintain friends from high school who go to McGill o New big environment- basics all there, same age, not everything is set in stone, fluid and dynamic situation to think about membership and reference groups o The student that doesn’t work at it and wanders into particularly membership group- might set destiny for next 25 years, wrong group bad fate o Choosing group becomes crucial when student- parents know this, not in reference group terms- will be judged by your friends, they are social reality, group you refer to for guidance o Occasionally, might belong to this group but reference group is different- hang out with these people look to others for reference o Who you chose as reference and membership group has huge implications- power they bring to explaining and understand people is quite extraordinary o Ex. If you were to ask what is the defining bottom line to participate in the class, the bottom line is your grade, the measure, on transcript don’t put did you have fun in the class, just your grade- then if that’s true, if asked who has highest grade in th
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