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Lecture

PSYC 328 Lecture Notes - Genetic Variability, Cardiovascular Disease, Pineal Gland


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 328
Professor
Blaine Ditto

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PSYC328 Lecture 1 - Sept. 10
History and Development of Health Psychology:
A long past but a short history
Formal beginnings in 1980s
But area seems obvious now and some ideas around for thousands of years… why the delay?
3 key issues:
Links between psychological factors and illness fuzzy
and often supernatural
Common diseases were different
No behaviour change technology (e.g, psychoanalysis
was still predominant)
History of Mind-Body Relationship:
Belief in mind-body relationship common and long-standing
People believe emotions are related to illness; part of vocabu-
lary
What are common sayings?
Idea common in literature: A merry heart doeth good like a
medicine
Mind-body link was used in treatment, but this was always linked to mysticism
Greeks’ humoral theory more organized but still wrong
During Middle Ages, disease was usually viewed as a punishment from God for:
Penance
Pilgrimage
Punishment
The Renaissance was the beginning of the Biomedical Model where disease was viewed as a result
of natural causes; but body seen as a machine that houses the soul
Biomedical Model - Descartes’ View:
“The soul or mind squeezes the pineal
gland this way and that, nudging the ani-
mal fluids in the human brain into the
pores or valves, and according as they
enter or even only as they tend to enter
more or less into this or that nerve, they
have the power of changing the form of
the muscle into which the nerve is insert-
ed, and by this means making the limbs
move.”
Darwin, Freud, Cannon all contributed to
break-down of traditional Biomedical Mod-
el
View By The 80s - The Biopsychosocial Model of Disease:
Psychological
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