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Lecture 1 - Sept 10.doc

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PSYC 328
Blaine Ditto

PSYC328 Lecture 1 - Sept. 10 History and Development of Health Psychology: • A long past but a short history • Formal beginnings in 1980s • But area seems obvious now and some ideas around for thousands of years… why the delay? • 3 key issues: • Links between psychological factors and illness fuzzy and often supernatural • Common diseases were different • No behaviour change technology (e.g, psychoanalysis was still predominant) History of Mind-Body Relationship: • Belief in mind-body relationship common and long-standing • People believe emotions are related to illness; part of vocabu- lary • What are common sayings? • Idea common in literature: A merry heart doeth good like a medicine Mind-body link was used in treatment, but this was always linked to mysticism • • Greeks’ humoral theory more organized but still wrong During Middle Ages, disease was usually viewed as a punishment from God for: • • Penance Pilgrimage • • Punishment • The Renaissance was the beginning of the Biomedical Model where disease was viewed as a result of natural causes; but body seen as a machine that houses the soul Biomedical Model - Descartes’ View: • “The soul or mind squeezes the pineal gland this way and that, nudging the ani- mal fluids in the human brain into the pores or valves, and according as they enter or even only as they tend to enter more or less into this or that nerve, they have the power of changing the form of the muscle into which the nerve is insert-
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