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Lecture 16

PSYC 471 Lecture 16: 16 PSYC 471 March 14th 2017

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PSYC 471
Richard Koestner

16 PSYC 471 March 14 2017h Finishing school and Finish schools  Finland’s education scores in top 10 countries  It’s a unique philosophy that doesn’t relate to rewards, competition and pressure etc.  Why have Finnish students been the best in the 21 c? st  PISA test: international school system testing  57 countries tested  Need a representative sample—not just giving results from urban well-off areas  But a lot of Asian schools do well then also Finland Singapore (#1) standards:  Lots of homework  Long school hours  Standardized tests so extra school  More emphasis on math and science  High states testing—kids are anxious and stressed out US (#25)  School reform movement  Both ends of political spectrum agree  Need higher standards, more homework, more math and science, emphasis on self-control, teachers are accountable—paid based on kids progress (leads to cheating), pay students to get As  Theme: external control  Neglects idea that kids might actually be intrinsically motivated to learn, learning can be interesting and useful  KIPP (knowledge is power program): two teachers dissatisfied with education system for poor children  KIPP “3D” desire discipline and dedication  Developed different way of teaching but also focuses on long school hours, testing etc. but also builds team spirit  Push kids very hard: start at 7:30 with breakfast and “morning work” end at 5—complete control, they’re always studying supervised  Thought pattern is if they aren’t supervised then they’ll get caught up in drugs, bullying etc.  Talk about college, take kids on trips to local colleges—create a reverence and wish to someday go to college  But it assumes kids aren’t capable of doing things on their own…  Opposite in Finland Finland Currently (#5)  Personalizing learning  Emphasizing cooperation  Supporting intrinsic motivation  No gifted classes  No uniforms  Teacher called by first name  No special prizes, awards etc.  Recess every hour  School starts age 7  Have the same teacher for a few years  Teaching is a highly respected profession  No grades until age 12—just feedback  Three things that distinguish Finnish classrooms were developed and shown to work by Americans:  1) Encourage cooperation  2) Contextualizing and personalizing learning  3) Supporting autonomy Competition and school outcomes  Three kinds of class structure  Competitive, cooperative, individualistic  Cooperation was not only better than competition, it was also better than an individualistic approach  Kids were:  Better at the concepts  Better at communication  Intrinsic motivation  Better attitudes about teachers and school and classmates  Higher self-esteem and mental health Cordova and Lepper 1996  Making learning relevant  In Finnish schools teacher explains the relevance of learning a concept in real life then teaching is practical Personalization and College learning  Research suggests changing language
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