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Lecture 7

RELG 207 Lecture 7

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Department
Religious Studies
Course
RELG 207
Professor
Arvind Sharma
Semester
Winter

Description
RELG 207 Thursday January 23 , 2014 Lecture 6 Continued­ Start of 7 Nussbaum continued  2. Sexuality and the Cultivation of Humanity • Education for democratic citizenship▯Problem of unreflective citizen, Goal of  informed, not ignorant choice  • Social construction▯Learning is social shaped, Emotions entail good deal of  learning  • Addresses problematic suspicion of sex research  • We should not be ashamed or feel disgust with who people are­­> Nussbaum does  not want that to come into culture • Emotions should be cultivated  Areas of social construction 1. Sexual Behavior­ societies shape norms of behavior  2. Norms  Norms about sexuality itself that shape experience (eg, good, evil, mixture?)  Norms about evaluations within the category (e.g.,, what is desirable or  undesirable)▯Questions about what we find desirable in sexuality 3. Categories­ basic sexual categories undergo social shaping – the way thye fit into  social structures 4. Placement of individuals within the categories­ maleness and femaleness (external  markings);  ▯genitalia  Heterosexuality and homosexuality (no markers) • Why would the sexual morality of the ancient world matter to us today?  Seeing difference where we expect to see universality (or timeless natural  divisions)  Seeing our own norms and practices as our own rather than as universal and  necessary  Theory of natural law says we have the first principles of natural law written  into us (Human Beings)▯Do and promote the good, avoid evil▯derived from  Gods Eternal Law  Seeing how slippery and bound up with cultural shaping are appeals to nature   We expect to look back at ancient times and see monogamous relations but  there is really a lot of same sex relations  Deconstructing Difference­ Gudorf 1. Dimorphic Society▯Bodies are sexed in 2 di
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