Class Notes (807,637)
Canada (492,763)
Anthropology (1,868)
ANTHROP 1AB3 (346)

Bourgois Article and Kinship

5 Pages
Unlock Document

McMaster University
Karen Mc Garry

Philippe Bourgois ● tried to understand crack dealing ● figured out that people in the area didn’t have the skills for other jobs ● Crack dealing was a form of resistance to racism Resistance ● Refusal to dress, talk, and engage in socially acceptable activities according to mainstream white culture ● Bourgois hung out with the men (it wasn’t socially acceptable for him to be hanging out with females) he was interested in masculinity and what counts as masculine in this culture Masculinity in El Barrio ● Children are socialized into certain ideals of masculinity ● eg. being violent/verbally or physically aggressive, drug dealing, being able to stand up for yourself, having many wives/affairs, being explicit about heterosexuality (making remarks to women) ● Refusal to conform to the normals/standards of white class middle culture in manhattan Economic Re-structuring of El Barrio ● People would immigrate to El Barrio because of promises for jobs, etc. ● People were able to get decent jobs at the beginning without even knowing English ● Economic Restructuring = companies moved to other places where they can get cheaper workers ● People working in El Barrio lost their jobs, they didn’t have the skills needed for any other jobs ● They didn’t have any skills needed to fit in with the culture, didn’t get respect ● Men felt that they needed to regain their respect by staying in their own community and engaging in other kinds of acts like drug dealing to gain respect/masculinity and be seen as “important men” ● From our perspective, these behaviours are seen as problematic but from their perspective they are rebelling against mainstream culture ● Whenever they want to go get another job, they experience racism and get disrespected Anthropology of Kinship (family) ● Who do you consider to be your family? Why do you consider them to be your family? - We think about it to be natural but they’re not necessarily biological, they’re socially constructed Kin Group ● Who you consider to be a member of your family ● Many of us treat our pets as family ● Pets = fictive kin (not actually family, but we treat them as family). Close friends can also be fictive kin that we call “auntie” etc but they’re not actually related to us biologically Matrilineal/Patrilineal/Bilateral societies ● Matrilineal = you don’t consider your father or your father’s family to be your immediate family members. You do it with your mom’s side - mother, grandmother etc. Celebrations are celebrated with moms, family names are passed down to females, property is given to females down the family line ● Patrilineal = father’s line ● Bilateral = both mother and father’s line are part of your immediate family David Schneider ● Did research on American families in the 1960s- about 200 families that were middle class, white, Christian ● Asked the question “who do you consider family” ● He found that people recognized family members as being either family by blood (genetic relationship), or people that you marry into ● Taught us to recognize that it isn’t just about biology ● People idealized that there were 2 different categories of family in America and there are 2 different terms used to describe them: basic kinship term (mother, father, brother, aunt, uncle) and derivative kinship terms (basic kinship term + modifier) - GRANDfather, GREAT GRANDfather, EX wife, EX husband, FOSTER sister, brother IN LAW ● We use derivative kinship terms only for ex relatives
More Less

Related notes for ANTHROP 1AB3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.