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Lecture 4

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Department
Art History
Course
ARTHIST 1A03
Professor
Neil Mc Kay
Semester
Summer

Description
Fox 1 Lecture 4 Art History 1A03 Wednesday May 15,2013 Oil Paintings RECALL:  Tempera Painting: pigments mixed with egg yolk  Dies really fast, hard to make changes  Light does not penetrate it – opaque, matte surface, requires varnish for sheen  Oil Painting: pigments suspended in linseed or walnut oil  Light penetrates it- create inner glow by painting thin layers called glazes  Dries slowly easy to make changes  Workshop of the Master of Flemalle, Merode Altarpiece (Triptych of the Annunciation) (open) c. 1425-1430s. Oil on wood panel  Attention to surface detail and how light reflects off of different surfaces  Lilies = a reference to Mary’s virginity  Towel = a prayer shawl  Gods divinity has manifested  Window is not broken = resembles Mary’s virginity  Side panels: patrons (pay for painting) & Joseph making wine = refers to the body and blood of Christ (symbolic)  Intuitive perspective  Atmospheric perspective (scenes out window) Fox 2 Lecture 4  Jan & Hubert van Eyck, Ghent Altarpiece (open) Adoration of the Mystical Lamb, c. 1432. Oil on wood panel  Reference to Jesus and the resurrection  Atmospheric perspective  Naturalism in nude figures of Adam & Eve  One panel resembles monochrome painting (grey) = grisaille  Patrons in some panels  Jan van Eyck, Double Portrait of a Giovanni Arnolfini and his Wife, c. 1434, oil on wood panel  Detail in mirror  Artists signature and message on wall (“van Eyck was here”)  Rogier van der Weyden, St. Luke Drawing the Virgin and Child, c. 1435-1440, oil and tempura on wood panel  Maybe a self portrait  Linear perspective Fox 3 Lecture 4  Hans Memling, Diptych of Maarten van Niuwenhove, c. 1437, oil on wood panel  Another mirror reflecting 2 figures from behind  Painted fabric and shadow onto the frame to give impression that objects are coming into psychical space of viewer  Trick of the eye= Trompe-l’oeil  Linear Perspective: mathematical system in with orthogonals coverage on a vanishing point, addressing a single viewer standing at a single, fixed vantage point
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