Logic Tutorial #1
• DIFFERENCES AND SIMILARITIES BETWEEN ARGUMENTS AND EXPLANATIONS
• WAYS TO DISTINGUISH AN EXPLANATION FROM AN ARGUMENT
• Argument: a claim or set of claims intended to establish a further claim
• Premise: the claim or set of claims which is intended to establish the
• Conclusion: the claim which is supposed to be established by the premise
• Claim: a sentence which is true/false
• Indicator words
o Help identify the premises and conclusions in an argument
o Examples in the textbook
• Without indicator words, must rely on context to determine whether or not
there an argument. Ask the following:
o Is there an issue in dispute?
o Is there a claim supported by reasons or evidence
o Explanations are not arguments
• Arguments and Explanations
o How are they the same?
• Both use some of the same indicator words
• Both provide reasons for something else
• The same passage can contain both an argument and an
o How are they different?
• Argument provide us with a reason to think that something is
• Explanation provides us with the reason why or how something
is the case or happened
o How to tell them apart?
• Three people saw him do it, so Adam is the one who stole the
Argument: trying to establish that something is the case
• Adam was hungry, so he stole the money
Probably an explanation: trying to explain why something
is the case
o Ways to distinguish