Class Notes (837,186)
Canada (510,155)
Classics (957)
Lecture 6

Lecture 6: Athens

10 Pages
Unlock Document

Spencer Pope

October 15, 2013 Lecture 6: The City ofAthens AthenianAcropolis  Acropolis: high city, high part of the city  Sanctuary of goddessAthena (Patron goddess ofAthens)  Intramural  Intertwined with the rise of the city  Began as a Mycenaean palace, abandoned during the DarkAges Athens Foundation Myth  Contest between Poseidon andAthena  Gifts from each: o Poseidon: Saltwater springs on Acropolis  Athens was strong militarily because of its navy (early worship) o Athena: Olive tree growing from the spring  Athens was rich because of the growing olive pressed to make olive oil (early worship) Panathenaic Festival – “Greater Panthenaic”  566 – 480 BC  Every four years, like Olympian games  Modelled after the Olympic Games but with more events (army) and prizes ($$$) o Winners received 40 Lof olive oil (worth a year’s salary)  Other games only awarded a wreath  Procession toAcropolis o Sacrifices to Athena o Presentation of Peplos (garment worn by statue ofAthena) = culmination of Panethenaic Festival  Construction onAcropolis: Hekatompedon  Individual dedications by prominent citizens Hekatompedon onAthenianAcropolis  Exactly 100 Greek ft. in length, approx. 30 m  No sense of wholeness or completeness Reco-Temple onAthenianAcropolis  c. 560 BC  ADoric temple Hekatompedon Pediment Lion/ Bull - Center  Lion encapsulated by a triangle (like a lions gate)  Lion devours a bull o Motif goes back to the near east o Carnivore eating a herbivore o Stronger animal eating the weaker animal  Strong image of power “Bluebeard” - East  Three-bodied monster w/ a snake tail  Half man, half snake Herakles and Triton – West  Herakles and the sea monster Triton Moschophoros from theAthenianAcropolis  Moschophoros = calf-bearer  C. 550 BC  Dedicated by a man named “Rhonbos”  Votive that emulates act of sacrifice  Archaic Style composition o Stiff posture/positioning o Hair unnaturally perfect o Cosmos  Open cloak = status of a priest Peplos Kore from theAthenianAcropolis  Kore: female, freestanding statue  C. 530 BC  Garment is Peplos  Detail shows the beginning of the transition from Archaic to Classical o Painted lips, eyebrows, pupils (instead of marble) o Pierced ears and jewellery Kritios Boy from theAthenianAcropolis  C. 475 BC  Sculptor: Kritios  Transition from Archaic to Severe Style  Objective of Greek sculpture shifts from “Kosmos” to naturalism o Accurate depiction of human form through functional anatomy  Naturalism requires realism  Sculpture made coherent, whole & believable through use of details o Movement  Sway of hips  “Chiastic” – X-like composition Destruction ofAthens, 480 BC  Year that divides classical  Date of Persian destruction at theAcropolis  After Persian invasion,Athenians left the destruction as it was for a generation PerikleanAcropolis  From 480 BC,Acropolis is rebuilt underAthenian Genral Perikles: o Parthenon o Propylaia (entrance gate) o Erechtheion  Began in 448 BC - 432 BC  The most ambitious Doric building on the Greek mainland at the time  Aresponse to the Temple of Zeus at Olympia Parthenon, 448 – 432 BC  Notable among Greek temples for Scale/Large Size and Quantity of Sculpture  8 x 17 columns  4: 6 proportion governs most of the building  Design: Front and rear porches (Prostyle): closed cella and opisthodomos o Interior columns in cella:- shaped  Quantity of Sculpture: 1) Pediments 2) Exterior Metopes 3) Acroteria – Sculpture on the roof 4) Interior Frieze (around inner building) 5) Statue ofAthena (Athena Pathenos) P
More Less

Related notes for CLASSICS 1A03

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.