Class Notes (837,186)
Canada (510,155)
Classics (957)
Lecture 6

Lecture 6: Athens

10 Pages
153 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Classics
Course
CLASSICS 1A03
Professor
Spencer Pope
Semester
Fall

Description
October 15, 2013 Lecture 6: The City ofAthens AthenianAcropolis  Acropolis: high city, high part of the city  Sanctuary of goddessAthena (Patron goddess ofAthens)  Intramural  Intertwined with the rise of the city  Began as a Mycenaean palace, abandoned during the DarkAges Athens Foundation Myth  Contest between Poseidon andAthena  Gifts from each: o Poseidon: Saltwater springs on Acropolis  Athens was strong militarily because of its navy (early worship) o Athena: Olive tree growing from the spring  Athens was rich because of the growing olive pressed to make olive oil (early worship) Panathenaic Festival – “Greater Panthenaic”  566 – 480 BC  Every four years, like Olympian games  Modelled after the Olympic Games but with more events (army) and prizes ($$$) o Winners received 40 Lof olive oil (worth a year’s salary)  Other games only awarded a wreath  Procession toAcropolis o Sacrifices to Athena o Presentation of Peplos (garment worn by statue ofAthena) = culmination of Panethenaic Festival  Construction onAcropolis: Hekatompedon  Individual dedications by prominent citizens Hekatompedon onAthenianAcropolis  Exactly 100 Greek ft. in length, approx. 30 m  No sense of wholeness or completeness Reco-Temple onAthenianAcropolis  c. 560 BC  ADoric temple Hekatompedon Pediment Lion/ Bull - Center  Lion encapsulated by a triangle (like a lions gate)  Lion devours a bull o Motif goes back to the near east o Carnivore eating a herbivore o Stronger animal eating the weaker animal  Strong image of power “Bluebeard” - East  Three-bodied monster w/ a snake tail  Half man, half snake Herakles and Triton – West  Herakles and the sea monster Triton Moschophoros from theAthenianAcropolis  Moschophoros = calf-bearer  C. 550 BC  Dedicated by a man named “Rhonbos”  Votive that emulates act of sacrifice  Archaic Style composition o Stiff posture/positioning o Hair unnaturally perfect o Cosmos  Open cloak = status of a priest Peplos Kore from theAthenianAcropolis  Kore: female, freestanding statue  C. 530 BC  Garment is Peplos  Detail shows the beginning of the transition from Archaic to Classical o Painted lips, eyebrows, pupils (instead of marble) o Pierced ears and jewellery Kritios Boy from theAthenianAcropolis  C. 475 BC  Sculptor: Kritios  Transition from Archaic to Severe Style  Objective of Greek sculpture shifts from “Kosmos” to naturalism o Accurate depiction of human form through functional anatomy  Naturalism requires realism  Sculpture made coherent, whole & believable through use of details o Movement  Sway of hips  “Chiastic” – X-like composition Destruction ofAthens, 480 BC  Year that divides classical  Date of Persian destruction at theAcropolis  After Persian invasion,Athenians left the destruction as it was for a generation PerikleanAcropolis  From 480 BC,Acropolis is rebuilt underAthenian Genral Perikles: o Parthenon o Propylaia (entrance gate) o Erechtheion  Began in 448 BC - 432 BC  The most ambitious Doric building on the Greek mainland at the time  Aresponse to the Temple of Zeus at Olympia Parthenon, 448 – 432 BC  Notable among Greek temples for Scale/Large Size and Quantity of Sculpture  8 x 17 columns  4: 6 proportion governs most of the building  Design: Front and rear porches (Prostyle): closed cella and opisthodomos o Interior columns in cella:- shaped  Quantity of Sculpture: 1) Pediments 2) Exterior Metopes 3) Acroteria – Sculpture on the roof 4) Interior Frieze (around inner building) 5) Statue ofAthena (Athena Pathenos) P
More Less

Related notes for CLASSICS 1A03

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit