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Lecture

Haydn - Symphony no. 102 in B Flat Major, 3rd and 4th Movem..
Haydn - Symphony no. 102 in B Flat Major, 3rd and 4th Movements, Ch. 22, pp 187-196.pdf

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School
McMaster University
Department
Music
Course
MUSIC 1AA3
Professor
Matthew Woolhouse
Semester
Winter

Description
Symphony: •  genre that began in Classical Era - usually 3 or 4 movements • typical 4-movement ◦ 1st movement: fast tempo, sonata form ◦ 2nd movement: slow tempo, commonly sonatina (simplified sonata), theme and variations, or ABA form (contrasting key) ◦ 3rd movement: minuet and trio - dance form in triple meter ◦ 4th movement: fast and lighter than 1st movement; sonata, rondo, or sonata-rondo form • The Classical Orchestra (now called "chamber orchestra") ◦ Strings: 8-10 1st violins, 6-8 2nd violins, 4-6 violas, 3-4 cellos, 2 double basses ◦ Winds: 2 x flutes (air reed -- blow over hole, no reed), oboes, clarinets, bassoons, trumpets, french horns ◦ Percussion: timpani ◦ Diff. combinations of these instruments produce wide variety of timbres Symphony No. 102 in B Flat Major, 3rd and 4th Movements • Composed 1794/1795 for Haydn's 2nd visit to England (4/5 years after prince died) • One of his 12 London symphonies (1791-1795) • Written just after French revolution (1789) ◦ ideals of liberty, equality, personal freedom, fraternity ◦ some see the symphony as mirroring those ideals
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