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Lecture 9

MUSIC 2F03 Lecture 9: L9 Musicc
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Department
Music
Course
MUSIC 2F03
Professor
Simon Wood
Semester
Winter

Description
Lecture 9  Monday, March 20, 2017  6:43 PM  1960s a period of unparalleled social change driven by the baby boomers entering adulthood -> approaching the world in a diff way than their parents  • Questioning whether accepted authorities like gov or churches have your best interests or working for their own benefit?  • 1960s -> defined by great optimism before (i.e peace if possible) but great cynicism at the same time -> lots of protests happening  • Popular music becomes a major buisness in the 60's by people like the Beetles who by the end of the decade have redefined buisness of pop music industry (i.e how much can pop musician make?)  • Stadium concerts become a reality, band tours etc make 10x the money these ways   • Culture aimed young people becoming big   • Cynisism becomes big     Ennio Morricone   • Born 1928, Rome, Italy  • Huge success   • Written many film scores   • His sound approach to film scores became influential   • Best known for association with Italian Director Sergio Leone and the style is  "spaghetti western"  ○ Work he did in the 1960s is this  ○ Hes best known for this work  ○ Spag Western is a film genre designed for the 1960's / response to whats happening in the 60s  ○ Production standpoint -> set in the american west , genre film   ○ They are all shot in spain … had desert in centre  ○ Called Speg Westerns because people organized these films were italian   ○ Hired all spanish and italian actors but lead roles went to Americans  ○ You know youre watching spag western because  • 1 Except for lead actors , lips never line up with diagloguse, italian spoke in itlaain, english actors in english etc .. Bring movie back and dub it all in english so only main english leads matched the dub  • 2 Everyone is super ugly .. They looked like they lived in the old western .. Weathered looking people  • 3 The characters are very ambigious even the good ones are almost bad   • Its bad vs even worse not good vs. bad people  • Very appealing in the time where theres big cycnism towards establishment  • Dark humour -> made fun of sterotypes of good vs evil (fun of people of uncorruptable people ) Eveyrones corruptible in spag western films  ○ Over 400 film credits with a wide range of styles from popular music to avant-garde   ○ Nominated for academy awards six times over lifetime   ○ Got lifetime achievement award     The Good, The Bad, The Ugly (1966)  • It’s a spag Western   • In 1960s the symph orchestra is being an exception rather than the rule in this time and composers experiementing with many things (eg pop music, unorthadox, avante-garde, modernism .. Voice being used not to sing but to howl etc   • Early in the film (two characters have a scam going , Eli Walsh is wanted for many crimes and theres a reward for him and Clint eastwood is the good character they have scam where clint rides into town with eli and hands him to police colects reward rides off, ready to hand eli but just when execution is gonna happen clint saves him and they do the scam over again .. Collect reward save eli cycle)  • This film ahs super unorthodox usage of voice and instruments   • We hear an insturment we never heard before the electric guitar   ○ In 1960s we start to hear e. guitar because pop music because of influence of ppl like Chuck Berry .. Pop music is becoming huge in 60s  ○ E, guitar is a sound that’s becoming attractive and more recog to the baby boomers so delibertaely put into scores   • Use of sound effects, voices and electric guitars     The Mission not on the test    John Barry (1933 - 2011)  • From England   • Classical pianist/trumpet   ○ Goes into film score in a diff route, unusual for his time, hes fully versed in the world of opera and orchestras but takes a turn into world of pop music in the 1950s when in England pop music more asssictaed with big bands like bras, trumpet, trombones etc but he was a mjor british pop star when the music was transitioning  • Turned to pop music in his 20s  • By early 1960s is a well known British pop musician   • A motion pic in production (Dr. No) in the 1960s and Monti Norman supposed to write the music for it, but he wasn’t wiritng music the producers were interested in .. How much music he ended up writing is still in debate .. In panic prodcers phoned Berry to write music for it but he only has 3 days .. Watched it once and wrote main theme 2 or 3 other pieces..they were gonna slap the music anywhere they could super last minute      Dr. No (1962)  • James Bond  • Monty Norman   • Music has a bit of a jazz sound but also a contemporoary elemnt for 1962 because the main melody is played by the electric guitar (influence of rock and roll and e. guitar)  • Everytime james bond appears you hear the main theme but Berry didn’t have time to make diff versions for him so same track over and over again .. Played in first part of the scene then when he goes to make phone call , the music gently fades out  • The soundtrack came out with ots of stuff attributed to Monty Norman but most stuff never appeared in the film written by him  • Prob is Norman has a contract saying he gets credit for film score .. Producers said we not gonna use ur music were using berry but monty still get credit  ○ So when film came out it said music by monty arranged by berry..this is important bc monty got credit on first film he owned the rights to the james bond theme even tho he didn’t write it   ○ Lawsuit: Big deal bc by 1990s monty norman made over 1 million dollars from piece of music he may not have written .. Then monty made something remarkable sheet music positively dated to late 1950s featuring song nroman written which pushed lawsuit to his side..probs 4 million dollars to date  • Composed the music for 11 James Bond film very grand use of sections like string and brass   ○ Berry used his sections like a block no mixing of the sections .. Very clear sense of delineation and seperation .. Very characteristic sound in the end       You Only live Twice (1967)   • Main theme by you only live twice is very clear melody in the strings .. Super solid brass pop rhythem in the bottom  • Lush strings section   • 5th James Bond film?  • Style of John Berry     Out of Africa (1986)  • You can hear the brass clearly, rich sound, in blocks and its not complicated  • Melody, block harmonic structure underneath which is similar to a pop song  • Not hearing is music which would sound like opera like korngold .. Films music moved away from this       In additin to the increasing impact of pop music, atonality and avante-garde styles are also becoming more prominent as the traditional orhcestra score is diminshed in importance  • Big picture idea: when we got to korn gold and steiner leed by them will establish the orchestra asgo-to and establish 19th century sounding music then into 40s pop music started like laura..atonlaity like doubleamentniy .. Pop in man w/ golden arm.. In 60s this trend continious   Modernism: rejection of the past in favour of the new   • Moving from realism to abstract  • Approach to tonal modern sound reaches its peak when we get to film space odyssey    Space Odyssey (2001)  • Score compiled from classical music   • Seen as a new approach to the relationship between music and film   (Would this approach work in other more conventional films?)  • Combination of tonal music from late 19th century (Johann Strauss I) and atonal music from the 20th century (Gyrogy Ligeti)  ○ Ligeti written some of the densest and most complex music ever .. Several years to learn how to play it .. Super beautiful too in a very alien way   • Very slow moving films but remarkable   • Special effects completely acceptable for todays standards before computer era  • Controversial film bc doesn’t use original score all compiled from pre existing music .. When it came out it was haled as a masterpiece .. One of the things referred to was 2001 had achieved perfection in terms of integration of visual narrative and music this is finest example of use of music in narrative and debate starts here   • Film is singular put together in a way most films aren't and music used in a way most films don’t conventionally   • First clip: Character travelling from Earth to Moon  ○ Important: when music plays there's no dialogue and no sound effect.. Music gets the space entirely to itself.. Two are completely separated  ○ Music accompanying humans is very fimiliar very old fashioned, waltz, simple, comfortable making humans look less sophisticated than they rly are .. Young naïve innocent   • Second clip: On the moon  ○ You can hear Ligeti's music here  ○ Everything performed is notated.. Singers are making things up which is why his music takes so long to learn  ○ Uses voices which do things instruments don’t..voice puts living presence in the music something there that’s looking back  • This is why they used in horror movies   • Hits you more than an instrument   • Lots of info hitting you but u cant figure out what it all means .. Intelligence t
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