Class Notes (839,574)
Canada (511,407)
POLSCI 1G06 (280)
Todd Alway (280)
Lecture

lecture 5b federalism II.doc

3 Pages
72 Views

Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLSCI 1G06
Professor
Todd Alway

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Description
Political Science 1G06 2013 II Lecture 5b Federal Politics - Why did Canada develop as a federation rather than a unitary state? - Juridical Federalism reflects the distinct linguistic, cultural, and social differences in Canada - Particularly between English Canada and French Canada - One of the key questions coming out of this social reality is the question: - Is Quebec one province amongst many or a separate nation? - And if so, can the Quebec nation realize its aspirations inside of a federal Canada? - Unlike the case with the Constitution Act, 1982, Quebec was a willing participant in The Constitution Act, 1867 - However, the ability of the rest of Canada to protect French interests was quickly put to the test following Confederation - 1. Riel Rebellions (1870, 1885) - - 2. Bilingualism in Manitoba (1890) - 3. Bilingualism in Ontario: Regulation 17 (1913) - 4. Conscription in WWI - 5. Conscription in WWII - All these developments tended to indicate that the interests of Francophones, both outside Quebec and within, were not well protected where Anglophone majorities controlled political power - Having said this, nationalism in Quebec is not solely an externally induced phenomenon - Developments internal to Quebec have also played a significant role in bringing Quebec’s assertion of national distinctiveness to the forefront of the Provincial agenda, as well as to the top of the National agenda - Developments internal to Quebec: - 1. The Quite Revolution, 1960s - A change in political culture and the relationship between society and Provincial government - From religious, inward oriented, conservative society - To secularism, “modernization,” and expansion of the bureaucratic structure of the province 1 - 2. The Separatist Option: - Amongst some groups there was a belief that the Quite Revolution was moving too slowly - This was seen in the economy where Anglophone capital still dominated - It was seen in politics where the accession to power of Trudeau in 1968 saw the federal government adopt a less open attitude toward the further devolution of power toward Quebec - The Parti Quebecois was established in 1968 “as the primary vehicle of the independence cause” - Using normal political channels to advance Quebec’s interests - But the Front de Liberation du Quebec both promoted and carried out violent acts designed to move the political process quickly towards separation - The extra-legal route to Quebec autonomy was quelled by Prime Minister Trudeau when he enacted the War Measures Act in 1970 - 3. Increased unilingual policy 1970s: - Bill 22 The Official Language Act (1974) - Bill 101 (1977) – Charter of the French Language - 1. “It made French the only language of the legislature” - 2. “Only individuals (not corporations) could use English in Quebec courts” - 3. “Children could not go to English schools unless one of their parents had done so”
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit