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Psychology 1X03 Introduction.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH 1X03
Professor
Peter Cockett
Semester
Fall

Description
Psychology 1X03  Introduction/Levels of Analysis  Morgan Myles Psychology teaches us how we think, feel, develop, learn, love and grow.  Experimental Psychology  Collect ­> evaluate ­> interact A Brief History about Psychology Definition Study of the mind “Long path but short history” “Psyche” meaning soul (Greek) Philosophy  Aristotle and Plato ­> “How do we learn and remember” ­> “Where does knowledge come from”? Rene de Carte suggested that the mind and body were distinct entities that were causly linked in a  dualistically relationship  “I think, therefore I am”  Physiology   Florence systematically destroyed regions of the brain to see which regions controlled breathing,  reflexes and heart.  Psychology 1879 Wilhelm Wundt     Introduction to Levels of Analysis  Psychological  Biological  Environmental Psychological  ­ Role of thoughts, memories, emotions motivate actions (mind) Biological ­ Focus of physiological mechanisms that underlie thoughts and behavior ­ Functions of brain, hormones, genetic influences ­ Mood disorders Environmental ­ Social, culture, learning interactions  Other perspectives ­ Behavioral – brain; psychological  ­ Neuroscience ­ physical structure and function of the nervous system and behaviour ­ Cognitive – internal processes such as memory, attention and decision­making involved in  mental process  ­ Developmental – A level of analysis concerned with explaining how behavior develops over a  lifespan  ­ Evolution – many generations  ­ Sociocultural – how people react in social environments  Behavioral Perspective (External) John B. Watson ­ Believes in the black box and he talks about external environment and influences ­ Nurture over nature BF Skinner ­ Skinner argued that you don’t have to look at mental process, only its actions ­ (Behavior modification) Cognitive ­ Cognitive psychologists use models to construct abstract representations of how the mind  functions.  ­ They can be used to make testable predictions. ­ Ex. Toy airplane  ­ Single memory model; this model assumes there is only one memory storage and information 
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