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Evolution Discussion.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH 1XX3
Professor
Joe Kim
Semester
Winter

Description
Elephants over the past century have been growing smaller and smaller tusks. This is more than likely happening due to elephant poaching. There is a large market for ivory, so poachers would want to take the elephants with the largest tusks in order to get “the best buck for there bang”, so to speak. This means that the only elephants left to reproduce are those with much smaller tusks. Without the larger males for competition, elephants with smaller tusks can breed more successfully leading to offspring that also have smaller tusks. Women show more skin during their fertile phase of their menstrual cycle. This may happen because since the main goal is essentially reproduction, when women are ovulating or in the fertile phase, they tend to want to attract male attention and more often then not, unconsciously are looking for a mate to reproduce with. People are more likely to donate a kidney to family members rather than strangers. This is likely related to altruism and your fitness. For altruism, a person acts to incur a cost (the donor loses a kidney) to provide a benefit to a recipient (the relative receiving the kidney). As for fitness, you can increase your fitness by helping kin. Essentially, you want this person to be able to live and reproduce, which will help you to pass on your genes to offspring. Humans evolved to adapt to a time of scarce food, high predation, high sexual mate competition and other dangerous human groups. How might our evolutionary history help and hinder us in modern day societies? I believe our evolutionary history has helped us in being able to live through recession as if we don’t have any money, then food would be hard to come by allowing us to make do with what we have and live past those times of limited food. Our evolutionary history has enabled us to adapt to various different environments, depending on the societies we live in and the necessities (i.e. food, water, etc.) that are present. I believe that it has hindered us as we’ve had to adapt to high predation and other dangerous human groups. Thus making us aware and possibly involved in violence (i.e. murder) with predators, whether they are people or other mammals. Reproduction requires a huge investment of time and resources for women. Based on this statement (and your thriving knowledge of evolutionary theory), describe your expectations of optimal mating strategies for both men and women, and explain your reasoning. Women tend to look for a mate who is trustworthy, reliable, honest, and responsible to reproduce with – someone who will stick around and help out whereas men just look to reproduce with as many mates as possible. I think this is true because women can only reproduce once every month, and once they’re pregnant they have to wait at least 9 months to a year to reproduce again – making it harder to have as many offspring as men. Men are able to reproduce at any time, as they do not have to carry the offspring, making them able to have many offspring. Hence why men want many different mates. Does your answer perpetuate stereotypes of gender roles and sexuality? Yes my answer does perpetuate stereotypes of gender roles and sexuality. In what ways do socialization and
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