April 1, 2013
The 5 Stages of Grief: A Universal Course for Dealing with Death
• A roadmap for dealing with death
• Given that we know these 5 stages—useful for dealing and treating
Interesting implications for treatment:
How would we treat someone dealing with grief?
Matching learning styles leads to better grades
What does this have to do with the 5 stages of grief?
• There is no scientific evidence to support either of these views!
• No predictive value or any therapeutic significance
How should we treat psychological disorders and how should people be educated?
How do we even know whether something should be a mental disorder?
• One criteria: Deviance—if you could measure behaviours across a population—any
behaviour will follow a normal distribution
• The 4 D’s: People who do very poorly in university—abnormal—people who get perfect
on every test—abnormal—ANYONE WHO DEVIATES FROM THE MEAN▯deviant,
o Synaesthesia (not a disorder)
o Huntington’s (
o Major Depression
How do we treat a psychological disorder?
• Psychiatry is still an ongoing project
• DSM 4 • For dsm 5▯even questioned general public
• Freud: it is a psychodynamic process
• Any type of mental disorder really reflects the unconscious mind
• Depression: Childhood trauma and a conflict
• Has gone down in popularity partly because it is difficult to test psychological hypotheses
• Any mental disorder is a malfunction in cognitive processes
• Misinterpreting experiences from the world and interpreting it as maladaptive
• Neutral event▯very negative▯says something about inner character
• Focuses on dysfunctions of cognitive processes