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PSYCH 2B03 (299)

Rogers 2013

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Richard B Day

Carl Rogers’ Self Theory The Phenomenal Field  Things we notice and pay attention to in the world is different person to person  Most senses do not enter consciousness and remain in the unconscious, but can move to consciousness  Phenomenal Field refers to the specific things that we notice and feel that can be easily moved to the conscious E.g. the pressure you feel sitting down  We can only benefit from those things that we can bring out from the unconscious Theory of Motivation in Behavior  Actualizing Tendency: We are born with the instinct to fully reach our potential in whatever condition (to grow)  Organismic Valuing Process:  a built in guide that helps you seek opportunities that will likely lead to growth  it will lead us to treat from things that will prevent growth  we have an inner sense of what we should do and the choices we should make  If we consistently follow our organismic valuing process we will develop the self  Self:  a portion of the phenomenal field that we identify as me  babies do not have this, they identifies what’s out there (no me vs. environment)  unconditional positive regard, the need to be accepted by ourselves and others as who we are unconditionally, is necessary for the growth of self  conditional positive regard is what’s more likely people for people to experience because there are conditions of worth (what others think it’s appropriate)  eventually these conditions of worth cease to exist outside of us (environment) and they become who we are, what Rogers called the ideal self  Ideal Self:  It is other’s ideal of what we should be  It could eventually take over the organismic valuing process and become the only guiding factor  This will prevent normal self-development since we are being what someone else wants us to be  When we experience feelings that’s inconsistent with the ideal self, which is actually our true self, it will cause incongruence (anxiety)  Most incongruence never make it to consciousness and are buried in the unconscious  We need to bring the incongruence into the phenomenal field Conditions for Therapeutic Change:  Client and therapist must be in each other’s phenomenal field (both must be fully aware of each other)  Therapist must try to empathically understand client (share the feeling or sense)  Therapist must provide unconditional positive regard  Client must be aware of empathy and positive regard (provide environment for client to explore themselves) Therapeutic Changes:  Expresses feelings more freely in therapeutic situations  Describes feelings more accurately without distortion  Detects incongruence between self-concept and experiences (first step)  Expe
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