PSYCH 2B03 Lecture 2: Lecture 2

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25 Aug 2016
Personality vs. Other Fields
- more global and general
opersonality: basis for significant proportion of the way we
are, what we do, think, feel
oambitious: try to explain a lot more than theories in other
- long history of interest
- many large-scale theories
dozens of theories
we’ll discuss 6/7
unusual in any area of science for there to be that many
competing explanations for a phenomenon
- theories don’t guide research
function of theories:
1. Explain stuff; help us make sense of things; most prominent feature
2. Theories guide research
personality theories have been less successful at this: due to size, and
constructs are not thoroughly defined; hard to generate unique
difficult theories to test; less commonly used to guide research
- theories generated/tested differently
typically: observation, hypothesis, test hypothesis, develop
theory. If theory is useful, apply it practically to the world
personality: backwards
otheory applied before being scientifically tested
Theory Development and Testing
- theorists were clinicians, not scientists
- theories were influenced by theorist’s personality
we tend to think of science as objective, however not true
all scientists influenced by personalities
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