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November 19,2013 - 2Q03 Islam Notes.docx

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McMaster University
Religious Studies
Liyakat Takim

Started on: 11/19/2013 4:12:00 PM C LASS N OTES FOR : 2Q03 McMaster University, Fall 2013 T UESDAY , NOVEMBER 19, 2013 Abu Hanafi – Kufa Sunnah of Medina – Malik W AITING TIME ; Previously 1 year Now 4 months 14 days… etc. Shafi’s main concern was the Sunnah and primarily the Hadith - There were many hadith fabricated; - How would you know what the prophet did? - How did Shafi go about resolving these problems? ISNAD** o Chain of narration and translation o Follow the chain of people who are following or narrating this hadith o Look at each and every person in the Hadith o Every person that was reliable in this chain of transmission was called Sahih; - Hasan - Da’if New Science Came out – Ilm al-rijal (the transmitters of traditions) Trying to create a system where by we would know whether Hadith were acceptable or not; Surety. IJMA – Consensus and agreement – What Shafi meant was consensus or agreement of the scholars – If there is no particular solution to a particular problem in the Qur’an or Hadith; THEN – You can come to the THIRD course. – Are we talking about consensus of the community or agreement of the scholars? – Shafi meant agreement of the SCHOLARS; but others said that it was agreement of the community o If community agreed on something this was BINDING – The question of agreement is highly problematic because even the scholars themselves hardly agree on anything; o E.G waiting period if husband goes missing; marriage without permission of Guardian; the law is not uniform, on ablution, etc. o Differences operate so there’s no “Ijma” technically; Sources of Law Qur’an Sunnah Ijma Qiyas Angie © McMaster University 1 Fall 2013 Started on: 11/19/2013 4:12:00 PM Q IYAS - Seeking something in the ‘middle’ o When Muslims when to Kufa; they drank something called Nabidh, so Muslims were not sure to drink or not;  Nabidh was made out of grapes and was intoxicating!  Muslims rule because of INTOXICANT  COMMON DENOMINATOR o For example, if you go look for a kind of drug that is not covered in Islam;  E.g. cocaine, week, etc. Because of these Shafi was known as a systematizer; putting Islamic law; A FTER THIS CAME H ANBALI - Very rigid - Little room for Growth ISLAMIC M YSTICISM - SUFIS - From the very beginning Muslims have often wondered the purpose of the rituals; - Before a Muslim performs every ritual he or she has to have an intention; o NIYYA o What is the intention that I’m performing this act in order to get close to God? o In other words the ritual must lead to the spiritual; o Pray, fast, etc. It’s always with the intention, without the intention it’s void. o The whole purpose of a ritual is to bring a person closer to God to make him/ her aware of spirituality. o The problem with rituals is that they’ve become repetitious and monotonous;  When you pray the same way day in and day out;  You can loose interests unless you are able to awaken then INNER;  The whole purpose of the ritual is to lead you to the spiritual! o We are spiritual beings having a human experience; from this spiritual world we are having a spiritual experience! o When someone dies in Islamic tradition;  From God we came and to Him we return;  Returning where one has come from; - Journey is to God; o Interplay between the outer and the inner is seen in a conversation; o Hypothetical; o The conversation near the Kabah; near the cubicle in Mecca; whereby the spiritualist points to the cubicle and says to the ritualist that you see the house of the lord; o Seeing the house of the lord v. the lord of the house; o There is a class of traditions in Islam called the TRADITIONS FROM GOD  HADITH QUDSI from God; not from the Prophet; but we are not sure if they are accurate or not;  In one of them God has reported to say that the heavens and the earths cannot contain; o The Sufis were revolting on the Shariah (Law) Angie © McMaster University 2 Fall 2013 Started on: 11/19/2013 4:12:00 PM  People were emphasizing the law; concerned about the Sharia they forgot about the idea of experiencing God;  God is not just to be obeyed, but to be experienced; o Sufis talk about the Sharia (as being the outside); o TARIQA is on the inside – The path that LINKS you to GOD; which leads to the Haqiqa (the inside of the inside; the center) God;  To experience God himself;  Mysticism and Islamic spirituality means to attain consciousness of the divine to be conscious of God;  This is a struggle – JIHAD (within you;)  The goal is to experience God and to be at one with him; To experience his light; o The Qur’an itself has many verses that can be seen as;  SPIRITUAL IN NATURE  E.G. It says that GOD is closer to you than your OWN VEINS;  Wherever you turn, you will find the face of God;  Creation has separated us from our creator; we need to go back to our origins.  Sufism (Islamic spirituality) and a Sufi is the one who practices;  Islamic in origins; it’s not
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