RELIGST 3C03 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Hassan Al-Banna, Ijtihad, Sunnah

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CLASS NOTES FOR: RELIGIOUS STUDIES 3C03
McMaster University, Winter 2015
JANUARY 26, 2015
Muslim Brotherhood
Founded: 1928 Hasan Al-Banna
- Grew out of a concern of Western Secularism and its Impact on Islamic Society
- Followed in many countries - EGYPT, IRAN, SYRIA
- Based on 3 Principles
oIslam as a comprehensive evolving Principle
oEmanates from Qur’an and Sunnah
oApplicable to All times and places
- 4 different groups
oRadical extremes
oPolitically active
oSocially active
oPopular preachers
- FIVE AIMS
- To revive the Islamic personality & to stop slavish imitation
- Reformulate thought - Ijtihad
- Reassert political will
- Social Justice - programmed to benefit masses
- Unity of Muslims (nationally and internationally)
- In the periods of 1928 - 36 it underwent a formative, preaching in Mosques, recruiting and raising
standards of living of people.
- First decade - Moral and social reforms are stressed.
- They had popular support to education, health and welfare projects.
- Ran hospitals, mosques and schools.
- The brotherhood founded schools of various grades, organized courses of religious
instruction and taught the illiterate.
- Set up hospitals and dispensaries, undertook various enterprises to raise the standard of
living in the villages.
- Built mosques and even launched industrial and commercial enterprises.
- In the periods of 1936 - 9
- OPEN CONFLICT BETWEEN ARABS AND ZIONISTS
- Ikhwan became politically ACTIVE.
- 1936 - 1952 - SUPPORT OF PALESTINIAN CAUSE
- Ikhwan spread to other parts
- More political activities
- Armed force of own.
- After the signing of the ANGLO-EGYPTIAN treaty of 1936, Hasan Al Banna undertook
the support of the cause of the Palestinian Arabs
- This enabled him to spread the movement throughout the Middle East and especially in
Syria, and gained him in Egypt an ever-increasing prestige.
- During WWII, in 1941 he was imprisoned for a time due to his violent anti-British
propaganda.
Angie © McMaster University
Winter 2015
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