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Lecture 1 Sept 12th.docx

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McMaster University
Social Sciences
Geraldine Voros

Social Sciences 2O03: Canadian Children Sept. 12 2012 Lecture 1: Course Outline & Conway 1: Introduction: The Historical Evolution of Families Course Outline - Focus on the perceived vs. actual status of children in contemporary Canadian society - Midterm o Don’t need 3 hours, but given them o Guest talk on final, not mid o Not cumulative - Notes on the text on ave o Points that we will discuss in class o Dorias  Don’t need to read the testimonies  Can be disturbing - Readings o Don’t make notes on readings  Bring given notes to class and mark on them when discussing in class o Read Dorias by end of Oct. th o Read Esther by the 10 of Oct.  Esther’s discussion will be on the final, NOT the mid Introduction: Children & Families in Canada - Mainstream Sociology – how we contextualize children o Malestream Sociology  What men thought was happening  What their role should be o Femalestream Sociology  What women thought was happening  What their role should be o Compare and Constrast for study*************** - Conway’s Intro o Children are our greatest natural resource o Looking critically at the context of cdn kids in cdn society o Need to look at historical and present contextualization of kids o Snapshot of now and account for what he sees  Sees cdn fam as in crisis  Divorce rates are up o Can be traumatic for kids  Family violence rates are up  # of childless couples are up o Fall below replacement rate, most couples have 2 kids (replace them) but with so many childless couples up we were dying out statistically, so immigration rates inc  Lots of runaways  Poverty & hunger are up o Appears to him that fams are failing to deliver emo stability to their kids o Dismantling of the fam and the institutions of new alternatives  In these new alternatives  We need to deliver love, comfort, socialization o Conway’s Def of the fam:  Traditonal  Coming together of a man and a woman  Usually, but not always, legally married  If rela lasts, kids happen and they live together with ma and dad under one roof – economic, social and emo unit  Family can expand to include aging grandparents  Not inclusive o Foster kids, same sex etc. not included  Modern Def - Inclusive  A rela of some permanence btw persons with or without children o Doesn’t define marriage as necc o Doesn’t define it as eternal o Doesn’t include kids as necc o Can be hetero or not o Can have adoption, communial etc. - Origins of the family Male Research – Malestream – Conway Female Research – Femalestream PRECIVILIZATION PRECIVILIZATION - Freudian interpretation: hordes - Establishment of power and authority by men o People lived in hordes before civilized o Male dominance in precivilzation o Like monkeys  Taken for granted reality where the o Hordes had an alpha male who had sexual men were dominant and in power access to all the females o How did it get that way?  Alpha male denied sexual access  Believed that men observed to the younger males women and noticed that they could  Eventually younger males have kids conspired to kill the alpha male  Women had children = (who was prob their dad) they are the mothers  Then orgy (with mom & sisters)  Men didn’t know their role in - Young males probs overcome with guilt for killing procreation dad at some point  Didn’t make the o Brought about an “evolution” to connection that they were understand that there has to be some fathers kind of order established  Couldn’t claim credit for - Established taboos regarding incest and creation of kids aggression  Men came to see that women o Need to become more “human” appeared to have power over life o Suppress need for instant sexual and death gratification  Horde wouldn’t continue o Need to be more organized in partnering to survive if women didn’t  Find partner from outside the have kids horde (less likely to be related)  Made men feel powerless - Move from wanton debauchery to establishing  Because they had physical social taboos and expressing a need for inter- strength, they took over horde relas and be less aggressive in attempts to the women and asserted procreate themselves over the - Men: all about sex and organizing sex women o Nothing about kids  Believed that if they subjugated the women, they controlled the life giving force as well and got longevity for the group  Only 10-15 000 years ago that men realized that they were fathers  Very late when men realize the concept of fatherhood  Motherhood rela established forever ago, but men take a long time to realize concept/rela of fatherhood o Women: talk about kids  Trying to account for the understanding that children happened because men and women had a rela  Male researchers didn’t reach the same conclusion HUNTING AND GATHERING HUNTING AND GATHERING - Marx/Engels “period of savagery” - Women: Role of women so far has been o Becoming more civilized underestimated o Men figure out their role in procreation o Yes men as hunters o Developing culture around people – o Yes women as gatherers “families”  BUT: Gathering contributed wayyy o Evolution of Family more of the food than hunting  Not institutionalized as of yet, so  Gathering – 80% hard to call it a family technically  Women greater contributers  Clan that travelled around  But research sees men as together more powerful, important  No formal partnerships when it comes to survival (marriages) o Women: LIES  Friends with benefits  Male  Loosely defined power and o Division of labour along gender lines authority  Men as hunters recognized  Women as gatherers in the  Mutual co-existence and hunter- exchange and co-operation gatherer - Men: Peaceful co-existence soc even though women doing more in an economic role - Men bonded together - Men con’t to exercise control established in the precivilization age o Patrilocal  “father” – “place”  Men chose place where they would live  Men in charge, women follow as subservient even though they do majority of work - If nomads crossed paths with one another, there was a chance for warfare o Men always protected the women bc they were the ones who had babies, who con’t the society when/if the men died  Only need one man, need many women  See we are what we are today because of what we were then  i.e. women and children first - Female subservience persists o Undervaluing of women’s work (gathering)  Understanding that women and children are the furture, so need protecting - Through careful research, find exceptions to the rule of hunt-gathering template o Exception 1: !kung Tribe  In Africa  Not patrilocal  Consist of a clan that is related to one another  Set up around a waterhole, and usually don’t migrate anywhere else  Only migrate if water dries up  OR if another society moves into their territory o Then they pack up and leave  Share all their food with one another  Pacifists  Healers have high status, not the strongest  Elderly males and females have authority  Make sure there is equity within the group  All look after one another  No one is the boss of anyone else  People who might be aggressive are seen as deviants in this tribe  Point: hunter-gatherer soc that has chosen a diff way of living  So we have choices, if something isn’t working, we can make it better!
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