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SOCIOL 1A06 (712)
Lecture 8

Sociology Lecture 8 & 9.docx

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McMaster University
Sandra Colavecchia

Sociology Lecture 8 October 12 2012 Families Defining Families  Definitions of family shape government social policy and inform the decisions we make about how we live our lives Compassionate Care Program (2004)  Your child or the child of your spouse or common-law partner (of at least one year)  Your wife/husband or common-law partner  Your father/mother  Your father’s wife/mother’s husband  The common law partner of your father/mother  EXCLUDES: aunts/uncles, same sex marriage, etc  NOW includes: anyone who you consider family Definitions and Social Policy  Policies that assume financial support (i.e. filial responsibility laws) This includes a man living with a woman on a care program and that the government assume that he is supporting her and they do not need to support furthermore.  Policies can deter relationship formation  Defining marriage. In other countries, inter racial marriage and inter faith marriage are prohibited  Welfare rules have prohibited support from family members and others  For formally married Canadians, matrimony laws state for there to be an equal division of financial assets. (different for non-regular marriage) A Sociological Perspective  Families are socially constructed and change over time and place  Inclusive definitions emphasizing social reproduction (caring work) “…*family is+ the set of relationships that bring people together daily to share resources for the sake for caring for children and each other …*families+ are the relationships that mobilize resources especially for the sake of generational and daily production- poor social reproduction family is also the emotional connection that so ties people of different generations and households together…” Structural Functionalism  Heterosexual nuclear family; sexual division of labour  Husbands: instrumental role (bread givers)  Wives: expressive role (care givers) Talcott Parsons 5 Functions of Families  Stable satisfaction of sex  Reproduction or procreation  Protection and care of the young  Socialization functions  Provision of home Conflict Theory  Impact of industrialization: families were no longer units of production but units of consumption Frederick Engels  Emergence of private property resulted in control over women’s fidelity  Most important type of peace, monogamy (fidelity)  To make sure the males inheritance goes to the biological child Marxist Feminist Theory  Meg Luxton: studying women’s unpaid labour Feminist Theory  Ann Oakley, DeVault, Susan Walzer  Walzer studies in subjectivity (sense of self) she found that mothers thought process changes completely when they have a baby coming  Family: site of potential conflict, is a privilege  Symbolic interaction: how we actively create “family” o Symbols associated with weddings Sociology Lecture 9 October 92012 Hunting and Gathering Society  Non privatized households  Fluid gender roles Pre-Industrial Families  Household composition determined by labour needs and economic needs  Households sometimes wouldn’t keep children in their house if their labour was not needed Industrial Society  Separation of public and private spheres  New ideologies emerge among more affluent classes  Big scale production/factories  Households are shrinking to just include parents and children  Transforms roles in the family  Preference is to keep females at home instead of working waged jobs; they would stay at home doing time intensive labour  Parents did not want to send their daughters to factory due to abuse  Boys received higher wages anyways  New ideologi
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